Abductions Psychiatric Laibow
Abductions Psychiatric Laibow
CLINICAL DISCREPANCIES BETWEEN EXPECTED AND OBSERVED DATA IN PATIENTS REPORTING UFO ABDUCTIONS: IMPLICATIONS FOR TREATMENT ABSTRACT: IT SHOULD BE NOTED THAT THIS PAPER MAKES NO ATTEMPT TO ASSIGN OR WITHHOLD EXTERNAL VALIDITY RELATIVE TO UFO ABDUCTION SCENARIOS. Patients who believe themselves to be UFO abductees are a heterogeneous group widely dispersed along demographic and cultural lines. Careful examination of these patients and their abduction reports presents four areas of significant discrepancy between expected and observed data. Implications for the treatment of patients presenting UFO abduction scenarios are discussed. INTRODUCTION If a patient were to confide to a therapist that he had been abducted by aliens who took him aboard a UFO and performed a series of medical procedures and examinations on him it is not likely that the patient would find either a receptive ear or a respectful and non-judgemental response from the therapist. The material presented would lie so far outside the confines of our personal and cultural belief system that it would seem intolerably anomalous to most of us. We would probably dismiss or repudiate it using a few comfortable and familiar assumptions which hold so much obvious wisdom that they do not require specific examination. When events which are too anomalous to allow their incorporation into our world schema are presented to us, we are likely to dismiss them by using assumptions based in out currently operative world view. This effectively precludes the open evaluation of the anomaly. Hence, the "expressible" response of most clinical and lay individuals upon hearing a UFO abduction account would be an immediate dismissal of even the possibility that such an episode might occur. Close upon the heels of that determination the rapid and complete pathologization of the person offering such an account would follow. Dream states, suggestibility, poor reality testing, outright dissembling or frank psychosis are customarily offered and accepted as evident and reasonable organizing models by which the production of this material may be understood. These are typical maneuvers by which the presentation of information which challenges schematic assumptions is dismissed or screened out before the assumptions can be adequately tested for predictive reliability and accuracy. Such testing is highly desirable, however, because it offers us the opportunity to apply the scientific method to our current level of theorital sophistication and thereby refine our understanding of reality further still. Of course, this process is severely impeded when the new data is excluded from consideration strictly because it is too anomalous for assessment. Westrum has offered a model by which events become "hidden" and therefore remain anomalous to the perception of society in a circular process: the hidden event is disbelieved and its disbelief helps to keep it hidden. Citing the lengthy period during which battered children and their battering parents remained hidden, Westrum states: "An event is hidden if its occurrence is so implausible that those who observe it hesitate to report it because they do not expect to be believed. The implausibility may cause the observer to doubt his own perceptions, leading to the event's denial or mis identification. Should the observer nonetheless make a report, he/she can expect to be treated with incredulity or even ridicule. Since the existence of a hidden event is contrary to what science, society, and perhaps even the observer believes, the event remains hidden because of strong social forces which interfere with reporting. The actual degree of underreporting is sometimes difficult to believe, a skepticism which itself acts as a deterrent to taking seriously those reports which do surface." (1) But for the clinician who spends a moment before reaching these "obvious" and "intuitive" conclusions, several fascinating and potentially productive questions present themselves. If we refrain for a short period from dismissing this material out-of-hand, we find that there are at least four areas of puzzling and important discrepancy between our intuitive sense of order and the data presented by the patient. These discrepancies force us to re-examine our assumptions in light of a demonstrated failure of the theory to account for the observed phenomena. This process, while taxing and challenging, is nonetheless, the way we systemize our understanding of human health and pathology. Noting the previously un-noted and using it to refine our conceptual framework leads to better prediction and therefore to better treatment. It is not the purpose of this paper to ascribe relative reality to the experience of abduction reported by some patients. Rather, precisely because it lies outside the realm of clinical expertise to assess with certainty whether these events actually occurred or if they are mere fantasy, it is mandatory for the clinician to examine the impact of these experiences, whatever their source, upon the patient. This must be done in a clear sighted and open-minded fashion so that the impact of the experiences may be dealt with rather than made into hidden events. AREAS OF DISCREPANCY 1. ABSENCE OF MAJOR PSYCHOPATHOLOGY: It is intuitively seductive (and perhaps comfortable) for us to assume that psychotic-level functioning will necessarily be present in a person claiming to be a UFO abductee. If this level of distortion and delusion is present, a patient would be expected to demonstrate some other evidence of reality distortion. Pathology of this magnitude would not be predicted to be present in a well integrated, mature and non-psychotic individual. Instead, we would expect clinical and psychometric tools to reveal serious problems in numerous areas both inter- and interpersonally. It would be highly surprising if otherwise well-functioning persons were to demonstrate a single area of floridly psychotic distortion. Further, if this single idea fix were totally circumscribed, non-invasive and discrete, that in itself would be highly anomalous. Well-developed, fixed delusional states with numerous elaborated and sequential components are not seen in otherwise healthy individuals. Prominent evidence of deep dysfunction would be expected to pervade many areas of the patient's life. One would predict that if the abduction experience were the product of delusional or other psychotic states, it would be possible to detect such evidence through the clinical and psychometric tools available to us. This points to the first important discrepancy: individuals claiming alien abduction frequently show no evidence of past or present psychosis, delusional thinking, reality-testing deficits, hallucinations or other significant psychopathology despite extensive clinical evaluation. Instead, there is a conspicuous absence of psychopathology of the magnitude necessary to account for the production of floridly delusional and presumably psychotic material.(2) In order to test this startling and anomalous information, a group of subjects who believe they have been abducted by aliens (9, 5 male, 4 female) were asked to participate in a psychometric evaluation. An experienced clinical psychologist carried out an investigation using projection tests (Rorschach, TAT, Draw a Person and the MMPI) and the Wechler Adult Intelligence Scale. The examining clinician was told "the subjects were being evaluated to determine similarities and differences in personality structure, as well as psychological strengths and weaknesses". All of the subjects actively refrained from sharing UFO-related experiences with the examiner and she was unaware of this theme in their lives. The investigator found that commonalties were not strongly present and that: "while the subjects are quite heterogeneous in their personality styles, there is a modicum of homogeneity in several respects: (1) relatively high intelligence with concomitant richness of inner life; (2) relative weakness in the sense of identity, especially sexual identity; (3) concomitant vulnerability in the inter- personal realm; (4) a certain orientation towards alertness which is manifest alternately in a certain perceptual sophistication and awareness or in inter- personal hyper-vigilance and caution.... Perhaps the most obvious and prominent impression left by the nine subjects is the range of personality styles the present.... There is little to unite them as a group from the standpoint of the overt manifestations of their personalities.... They [are] very distinctive unusual and interesting subjects. [But] "Along with above average intelligence, richness in mental life, and indications of narcissistic identity disturbance, the nine subjects also share some degree of impair- ment in personal relationships. For [some] subjects, problems in intimacy are manifest more in great sensitivity to injury and loss than in lack of intimacy and relatedness. [Ad] "...The last salient dimension of impairment in the interpersonal realm relates to a certain mildly paranoid and disturbing streak in many of the subjects, which renders them very wary and cautious about involving themselves with others. It is significant that all but one of the subjects had modest elevations on the MMPI paranoia scale relative to their other scores. Such modest elevations mean that we are not dealing with blatant paranoid symptomology but rather over-sensitivity, defensiveness and fear of criticism and susceptibility to feeling pressured. To summarize, while this is a heterogeneous group in terms of overt personality style, it can be said that most of its members share being rather unusual and very interesting. They also share brighter than average intelligence and a certain rich- ness of inner life that can operate favorably in terms of creativity or disadvantageously to the extent that it can be overwhelming. Shared underlying emotional factors include a degree of identity disturbance, some deficits in the interpersonal sphere, and generally mild paranoia phenomena (hypersensitivity, wariness, etc.)" (3) Her findings demonstrate a uniform lack of the significant psychopathology which would be necessary to account for these experiences if abduction experiences do represent the psychotic or delusional states predicted by current theory. When the examiner was informed of the true reason for the selection of the subjects for this evaluation (i.e., their shared belief that they had been exposed to alien abductions), she wrote an addendum to the original report re- examining the findings of the testing in the light of the new data. In it she states: "The first and most critical question is whether our subjects' reported experiences could be accounted for strictly on the basis of psychopathy, i.e., mental disorder. The answer is a firm no. In broad terms, if the reported abductions were confabulated fantasy productions, based on what we know about psychological disorders, they could only have come from pathological liars, paranoid schizophrenics, and severely disturbed and extraordinarily rare hysteroid characters subject to fugue states and/or multiple personality shifts... It is important to note that not one of the subjects, based on test data, falls into any of these categories. Therefore, while testing can do nothing to prove the veracity of the UFO abduction reports, one can conclude that the test findings are not inconsistent with the possibility that reported UFO abductions have, in fact, occurred. In other words, there is no apparent psychological explanation for their reports." (4) 2. CONCORDANCE OF REPORTED DATA: The second point of intriguing discrepancy follows from this surprising absence of evidence of a common thread of severe and reality-distorting psychopathology to account for the patient's bizarre assertions. They claim that they have been abducted, sometimes repeatedly over nearly the whole course of their lives, by aliens who have communicated with them and carried out procedures much like medical examinations. Persons reporting these experiences are seen to be psycho-dynamically varied. They are also demographically varied. Reports of this basic scenario, numbering in the hundreds, have now been recorded. Even though the reporters range from individuals as diverse as a mestizo Brazilian farmer(5),an American corporate lawyer (6), and a Mid- Western minister(7), there is a perplexing and intriguing concordance of features in these reports. Certain details of the scenarios repeat themselves with disturbing regularity no matter what the educational, national, social, experiential or other demographic characteristics of the reporter. In the production of dreams, reveries, poetry, fantasies and psychotic states, while the general themes of concern may be identified easily between individuals, the specific symbolization, concretion, abstraction and representation of those themes is relatively indiosyncratic for each individual. This of course necessitates careful empathic and attentive listening on the clinician's part to gather both the general flavor and specific meaning of the elements of the fantasy state. This careful listening often means that a personal symbolic representational system can be unraveled and its contents can be rendered less mysterious to the patient. In the abduction scenarios however, both specific details and themes repeat themselves with surprising regularity: In general, the appearance and modus operandi of the aliens, their effect and procedures, their tools and interests, their crafts and physical features all tally from report to report with a high rate of concordance. (8,9,10) This intriguing fact seems impervious to the socio-economic, educational, national, or cultural background of the abductee. Similarly, whether the individual has had previous contact with the literature of abduction seems to make little difference in this vein since the reports of individuals who can be shown to have had no exposure to abduction literature also contains these common features. Skilled practitioners and investigators report in these cases that they are convinced that each of these subjects was being wholly truthful in his/her report. The concordance of both content and event in these reports makes them unlike any other fantasy-generated material with which I am familiar. Indeed, investigators like Hopkins and others claim they have intentionally withheld dissemination of certain important, frequently reported aspects of the abduction scenarios in order to provide a "check" on the material being presented to them by individuals who may have had access to this literature since abductees may have been influenced at either the conscious or the unconscious level by it. In these cases as well, the features which have previously been published as well as those withheld are both produced by the abductee (11). In instances in which the patient has read some of the abductee literature, this previously withheld material may be offered to the investigator with a sense of personal invalidation, apology and embarrassment. He often expresses concern that this information is less likely to be believed than the other material with which he is already familiar. (12) Jung and others have written widely about the use of archetypes and the collective awareness of themes and images which are asserted to present themselves in a world-wide and multi-personal way. The amount of individual variation and creative latitude demonstrated within the closed system of archetypes and collected creativity is vast. Those who pose such universals detect their presence in the complex and highly idiosyncratic presentations and guises which they are given by the unconscious mind of the patient and the artist. This disguise is idiosyncratic, they hold, precisely because a set of available images is being used to work and rework the personal realities of the individual against the background of the collective. But the abductee does not seem to be involved in the reworking of personal mythologies against the canvas of the race's mythology. The details and contents of the scenarios seem, upon extensive investigation, to bear little thematic relevance to the issues inherent in the life of the abductee. Intensive follow up investigation frequently yields no thematic, archetypical, primary process symbolic meaning to the shape or activities of the abductors and the scenario of the abduction itself. Instead, therapeutic work in these cases centers around the issues inherent in the powerlessness and vulnerability of the individual even is this were not a prominent theme in his life before the putative abduction. In other words, the customary richness of association and creativity found in the examination of dreams and other fantasy material is lacking with regard to the scenario and presentation of the aliens who abduct and manipulate the patient in the abduction story. If the abduction material is indeed archetypal or fantasy generated in nature, this is a new class of archetypes. These archetypes demand rather exact representation and mythic presentation since the activities and behavior of the aliens is rather invariant within a narrow latitude regardless of the other dream and fantasy themes of the patient. 3. ABDUCTION SCENARIOS AND HYPNOSIS. Members of both the lay and professional communities frequently assume that material referring to UFO abduction scenarios is retrieved under hypnosis. Since it is generally believed that people under hypnosis are open to the implantation of suggestions through the overt or covert influence of the hypnotist it is concluded that this material reproduces the hypnotists' expectations or interests. It is further concluded that since the hypnotist "put it there" the abduction could not be accounted for as material which emerges solely from the patient's end of dyad. Thus, the abduction scenarios are commonly dismissed as merely representing the production of desired material by compliant subjects. The abductees strong sense of personal conviction that this really happened to him during the session itself and upon recall of the session is similarly dismissed as an artifact of the process by which the fantasies were generated. Several compelling factors mitigate against the facile dismissal of data in this way. Firstly, about 20% of these highly concordant abduction scenarios are available spontaneously at the level of conscious awareness prior to hypnosis. (13,14) These accounts may be enhanced or subjected to further elaboration through the use of hypnosis or other recall enhancement techniques, but in a significant number of people producing abduction scenarios the recall is initially produced without recourse to such techniques. If their stories were substantially different from the concordant abduction scenarios produced under regressive hypnosis, a different phenomenon would be taking place. However, given the perplexing clinical presentation of similar stories from dissimilar people who are uninformed about one another's experience, this presents another highly interesting area of discrepancy. Hopkins has classified patterns of abduction recall into five categories: Type 1. patients consciously recall parts of the full abduction scenario without hypnotic or other techniques designed to aid recall. The emergence of this material may be delayed. Type 2. patients recall the UFO sighting, surrounding circumstances and/or aliens, but do not recall the abduction itself. Only a perceived gap in time indicates any anomalous occurrence. Type 3. patients recall a UFO and/or hominids but nothing else. There is no sense of time lapse or dislocation. Type 4. patients recall only a time lapse or dislocation. No UFO abduction scenario is recalled without the use of specific retrieval techniques. Type 5. patients recall noting relating to UFO or abduction scenarios. Instead they experience discrepant emotions ranging from uneasy suspicions that "something happened to me" to intense, ego-dystonic fears of specific locations, conditions or actions. They may also exhibit unexplained physical wounds and/or recurring dreams of abduction scenario content which are not fixed in their experience as to place and time. (15) Examination of the transcripts of hypnotic sessions which yield abduction material reveals that although subjects are sufficiently suggestible to enter the trance state as directed by the therapist, they resist having material "injected" into their account. They customarily refuse to be "lead" or distracted by the therapist's attempts to change either the focus or content of their report. The subject characteristically insists upon correcting errors or distortions suggested or implied by the hypnotist during the session. Hence it is difficult to account for the similarities and concordances of these scenarios through the mechanism of suggestibility when these subjects so steadfastly refuse to be lead by hypnotists. In fact, it is even more striking that while these patients feel the material which they are producing both in and out of hypnosis as experientially "real", nonetheless they frequently seek to discount or explain away this bizarre and frightening material. This remains true even though sharing it regularly results in a significant remission of anxiety- related symptoms and discomfort. These abduction scenarios are so ego-alien that they have frequently not shared the material with anyone at all or with only a highly select group of trusted intimates. In the vast preponderance of cases patients are reluctant to allow themselves to be publicly identified as having had these experiences since the perceive that the abduction scenario is so highly anomalous that they expect to experience ridicule and repudiation if they become associated with it publicly. It therefore functions like a guilty secret in the way that rape has (and, unfortunately still does in some cases). After the material is produced and explored, these subjects often experience a marked degree of relief. This is true with reference both to previously identified symptomatic behaviors and other anxiety manifestations not noted on initial assessment. These other symptoms may remit after enhanced recall of the scenario and its details takes place. It is interesting to note that while the scenarios may contain a good deal of highly traumatic material specifically related to reproductive functioning, these episodes are nearly uniformly free of subjective erotic charge when either the manifest or latent contents are examined. 4. POST TRAUMATIC STRESS DISORDER (PTSD) IN THE ABSENCE OF EXTERNAL TRAUMA: PTSD was first described in the content of battle fatigue (16). Although it may present in a wide variety of clinical guises (17) PTSD is currently understood as a disorder which occurs in the context of intolerable externally induced trauma which floods the victim with anxiety and/or depression when his overwhelmed and paralyzed ego defenses prove inadequate to the task of organizing unbearably stressful events. In the service of the patient's urgent attempt to still the tides of disorganizing anxiety, fear or guilt<18> which accompany the emergence of cognitive, sensory or emotional recall of these traumatic events, the trauma itself may be either partly or completely unavailable to conscious recall. <19>...Both physical and psychological responses to the trauma are profound and pervasive. PTSD follows overwhelming real-life trauma and is not known to present as a sequel to internally generated fantasy states.<20> This fourth area of discrepancy between predicted and observed data is perhaps the most striking and challenging. Patients who produce alien abduction material in the absence of psycopathology severe enough to account for it often show the clinical picture of PTSD. This is remarkable when one considers that it is possible that no traumatic event occured except that rooted only in fantasy. These trauma are, in large measure, split off, denied and repressed as they are in other occurrences of PTSD. As discussed above, these scenarios frequently appear in individuals who are otherwise free of any indication of significant emotional and psychological instability or pre-existing severe psycopathology. On careful clinical assessment, these memories do not appear to fill the intrapsychic niches usually occupied by psychotic or psycho-neurotic formulations. The abduction scenarios do not encapsulate or ward off unacceptable impulses, they do not define <or defend against> split off affects, they are not used either to stabilize or to divert current or archaic patterns of behavior nor do they provide secondary gain or manipulative control for the individual. Instead, this material, experienced by the patient as unwelcome and totally ego-dystonic, seems quite consistently to be woven into the fabric of the patient's internal life only in terms of his reactive response to the stress inherent in these experiences and the contents of the repressed material related to the stressful memories. But the extent of this secondary response can be extensive. It should be noted that PTSD has not previously been thought to occur following trauma which has been generated solely by internally states. If abduction scenarios are in fact fantasies, then our understanding of PTSD need to be suitably broadened to account for this heretofore unexpected correlation. In addition, there are significant clinical implications to the finding of abduction scenario material in a patient who shows PTSD but is otherwise free of significant psychopathology. Since abduction scenario material presents several crucial areas of anomaly and discrepancy between what is known and that which is observed. It is very important for the therapist to refrain from the comfortable (for the therapist, at least) description of psychotic functioning to the patient who produces this material until such disturbance is, in fact, demonstrated and corroborated by the presence of other signs beside the UFO-related material. It is imperative for the therapist to adopt a non-judgemental stance. He can attend to the distress of the patient without attempting to confirm or deny possibilities which are outside the specific area of his expertise. The clinician should adopt as his therapeutic priority the alleviation of the PTSD symptomology through the use of appropriate and acceptable methods specific to the treatment of PTSD. In addition, the therapist must remember that while he may have strong convictions pro or con the abduction actually having occurred, it is not within either his capability or expertise to make such a judgement with total certainty. Furthermore, as the clinical psychologist who evaluated the nine abductees pointed out in her addendum, the sophistication of the psychotherapies has not advanced to the point at which this determination can be made on the basis of currently available information (21), although the treatment of post traumatic symptomology is currently understood. Hence, it is important for the therapist to retain the same non-judgemental and helpful stance necessary to the successful treatment of any other traumatic insult. When a therapist labels material as either unacceptable or insane, the burden of the patient is increased. If the therapist is reacting out of prejudices which reflect his own closely-held beliefs rather than his complete certainty, he unfairly increases the distress of the patient. SUMMARY AND CONCLUSIONS: Although it has long been the "common wisdom" of both the professional and lay communities that anyone claiming to be the victim of abduction by UFO occupants must be seriously disturbed, thoroughly deluded or a liar, careful examination of both the reports and their reports calls this assumption into question. Clinical and psychometric investigation of abductees reveals four areas of discrepancy between the expected data and the observable phenomena and suggests further investigation. These discrepant areas are: 1. ABSENCE OF PSYCHOPATHOLOGY An unexpected absence of severe psychopathology coupled with the high level of functioning found in many abductees is a perplexing and surprising finding. Psychometric evaluation of nine abductees revealed a notable heterogeneity of psychological and psychometric characteristics. The major area of homogeneity was in the absence of significant psychopathology. Rather than consulting a subset of the severely disturbed and psychotic population, there is clinical evidence that at least some abductees are high functioning, healthy individuals. This interesting discrepancy requires further investigation. 2. CONCORDANCE OF REPORTS Highly dissimilar people produce strikingly similar accounts of abductions by UFO occupants. The basic scenarios are highly concordant in detail and events. This is surprising in light of the widely divergent cultural, socio-economic, educational, occupational, intellectual and emotional status of abductees. Further, the scenarios themselves do not seem to show the same layering of affect and symbolic richness present in other fantasy endowed material. Instead, symbolic and conceptual complexity centers around the meaning of the experience for the individual, not around the shape, form, activity, intent, etc., of the aliens and their environment. This is in stark contrast to the expected complexity and diversity of thematic and symbolic elaboration found in our fantasy material. 3. RESISTANCE TO SUGGESTION UNDER HYPNOSIS Abduction scenario concordance is frequently attributed to the introduction of material into the suggestible mind of a hypnotized patient. Examination of abduction reports indicates that a significant percentage of these reports emerge into conscious awareness prior to the use of hypnosis or other techniques employed to stimulate recall. Furthermore abductees resist being lead or diverted during hypnosis and regularly insist on correcting the hypnotist so that their report remains accurate according to their own perceptions. 4. PTSD IN THE ABSENCE OF TRAUMA Post Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) has not been previously reported in patients experiencing overwhelming stress predicted only in internally generated states such as psychotic delusional systems or phobias. But patients reporting abduction frequently show classic signs and symptoms of PTSD. Like other kinds of PTSD it is subject to clinical intervention which frequently leads to substantial clinical improvement. But in order for this improvement to occur, the patient must be treated for the PTSD he exhibits rather than the psychotic state he is presumed to display by virtue of his abduction report. If the abduction scenarios represent only a fantasy state, then it is worth investigating why (and how) this particular highly concordant and deeply disturbing fantasy is involved in the pathogenesis of a condition otherwise seen only following externally induced trauma. Further, if this is found to be the case, the nature of PTSD itself should be re-examined in light of this finding. Alternatively, it may be that the trauma is, in fact, an external one which has taken place and the post traumatic state represents an expected response on the part of a traumatized patient. It is not within the area of expertise of the clinician to make an accurate determination about the objective validity of UFO abduction events. But it is certainly within his purview to assist the patient in regaining a sense of appropriate mastery, anxiety reduction and the alleviation of the clinical symptomalogy as efficiently and effectively as possible. This is best accomplished through an assessment the patient's *actual* state of psycho-dynamic organization, not his *presumed* state. In other words, in order to make the diagnosis of a psychotic or delusional state, findings other than the presence of a belief in UFO abduction must be present. In the absence of other indications of severe psychopathology, it is inappropriate to treat the patient as if he were afflicted with such psychopathology. It lies outside the realm of clinical expertise to determine with absolute certainty whether or not a UFO abduction has indeed taken place. Patients should not be viewed as demonstrating prima facie evidence of pervasive psychotic dysfunction because of the abduction material alone nor should they be hospitalized or treated with anti-psychotic medication based solely on the presence of UFO abduction scenarios. Instead, they should be assessed on the basis of their overall psychologic state. Unless otherwise indicated, treatment should be focused on the PTSD symptomatology and its repair. The areas of discrepancy which arise from the examination of UFO abductees between the expected clinical finding and the observed ones highlight interesting questions which require further investigation into the nature and impact of fantasy on psycho-dynamic states and symptom formation. ------------------------------------------------------------------------------ (1)Westrum, R., Social Intelligence About Hidden Events, Knowledge:Creation, Diffusion, Utilization, Vol 3 No 3, March 1982, p.382 ------------------------------------------------------------------------------ (2)Hopkins, B. Missing Time: A Documented Study of UFO Abductions. New York, Richard Marek 1981. ------------------------------------------------------------------------------ (3)Slater, E., Ph.D. "Conclusions on Nine Psychologicals" in Final Report on the Psychological Testing of UFO Abductees" Mt Ranier, MD, 1985 ------------------------------------------------------------------------------ (4)Slater, E., Ph.D. Addendum to "Conclusions on Nine Psychological" in Final Report on the Psychological Testing of UFO "Abductees", op.cit. ------------------------------------------------------------------------------ (5)Creighton, G. "The Amazing Case of Antonio Villas Boas" in Rogo, D>S>, ed., Alien Abductions. New York, New American Library, pp. 51-83, 1980. ------------------------------------------------------------------------------ (6)Hopkins,B. Missing Time: A Documented Study of UFO Abductions. op.cit. ------------------------------------------------------------------------------ (7)Druffel,A. "Harrison Bailey and the 'Flying Saucer Disease'" in Rogo, S.D., ed., op.cit. pp. 122-137 ------------------------------------------------------------------------------ (8)Strieber, W. Communion. New York, Avon, 1987 ------------------------------------------------------------------------------ (9)Fowler, R. The Andreasson Affair. New York, Bantam Books, 1979 ------------------------------------------------------------------------------ (10)Fuller, J. The Interrupted Journey. New York, Dell, 1966 --------------------------------------- (11)Hopkins, B. Intruders: The Incredible Visitation at Copley Woods. New York, Random House, 1987 -------------------------------------- (12)Hopkins, B. Personal communications with the author about the more than 200 abductees whom Mr. Hopkins has investigated both with and without the use of hypnosis. --------------------------------------- (13)Westrum, R. personal communication with the author. --------------------------------------- (14)Hopkins, B. personal communication with the author. --------------------------------------- (15)Hopkins, B. "The Investigation of UFO Reports" in The Spectrum of UFO Research. Proceedings of the Second CUFOS Conference (September 25-27, 1981), Hynek, M. ed., pp 171-2, Chicago, J. Allen Hynek Center for UFO Studies, 1988. --------------------------------------- (16)Kardiner, A., The Traumatic Neuroses of War. New York, P. Hoeber, 1941 --------------------------------------- (17)van Der Kolk, B.A., Psychological Trauma. Washington, DC, American Psychiatric Press, 1987 --------------------------------------- (18)Horowitz,M.J., Stress Response Syndromes. New York, Jason Aronson,1976 --------------------------------------- (19)van Der Kolk, op.cit. --------------------------------------- (20)American Psychiatric Association: Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, 3rd ed. Washington, DC, American Psychiatric Association, 1980 --------------------------------------- (21)Slater, op.cit. --------------------------------------- EOF -- Article 3929 of alt.conspiracy: Path: lassie!voder!pyramid!decwrl!wuarchive!zaphod.mps.ohio-state.edu!think.com!masscomp!peora!tarpit!bilver!dona From: firstname.lastname@example.org (Don Allen) Newsgroups: alt.alien.visitors,alt.conspiracy Subject: INFO: Roswell Witness Linkage Keywords: Roswell UFO USAF Coverup "Weather Balloon" Message-ID: <1991Apr10.email@example.com> Date: 10 Apr 91 02:19:39 GMT Organization: W. J. Vermillion - Winter Park, FL Lines: 448 Xref: lassie alt.conspiracy:3929 This is an article that was posted on Paranet not long ago and germane to the infamous Roswell case a number of years ago. ----------Begin included text------------------------------ Message #4515 - INFO.PARANET Date : 17-Dec-90 2:11 From : Michael Corbin To : All Subject : Roswell Witness Surfaces Here is an article that was contributed by Sandy Barbre regarding an article which appeared in a Springfield, MO newspaper on December 9, 1990. ============================================================ CONTRIBUTED BY: Sandy Barbre December 17, 1990 ============================================================ The following was taken from a newspaper from Springfield, Missouri, dated Sunday, December 9th, 1990. The name of the newspaper I think, is the NEWS-LEADER and article is in the section called Ozarks Accent. -+-------------- TITLED: NOTED EXPERT FINDS ACCOUNT CONVINCING. BY: Mike O'Brien What sets Gerald Anderson apart from the thousands of other American's, including scores of Ozarkers, who say they've seen UFO's or even insist they've been kidnapped by creatures from outer space? Why are Gerald Anderson's childhood recollections stirring international interest among UFO researchers whose reputations have been built on healthy skepticism and willingness to debunk hoaxes? Because of little things he has to say and how he says them. Stanton Friedman, a nuclear physicist who has lectured on more than 600 college campuses about UFOs, describes Anderson as "a really significant, potentially the most important" witness to what both men believe was the aftermath of one of two space craft crashes in New Mexico in mid-summer 1947. Friedman is co-authoring a book based upon several years of painstaking investigation into the haunting mystery. He was startled, upon meeting Anderson for the first time only a few months ago, to hear the Springfieldian echo details of the yet to be published research. "There's no way he could know some of these things unless he had been there at the time," Friedman believes. Example: only days before first talking with Anderson, Friedman coaxed a heretofore reluctant New Mexico mortician into recounting a run-in he'd had in 1947 with an especially unpleasant red-headed captain who was heading up a team recovering bodies from a hush-hush aircraft crash. Anderson, too, spoke of a red-headed captain with a mean disposition. Friedman says the descriptions of the ornery officer provided by the two match precisely, although Anderson and the mortician never have met. In sketches of the desert crash scene drawn by Anderson in Springfield following a hypnosis, a lonely windmill appears in the distance. When Friedman later arranged for Anderson to return to New Mexico to pinpoint the long-ago crash site, no such windmill could be see on the horizon-- until, almost by accident, the windmill wa spotted behind tress that had grown up during the 43 years since Anderson was last there. "I got shivers over that one," says John Carpenter, who has extensively debriefed Anderson over the past 4 months and went along on Anderson's return trip to New Mexico in October. Carpenter holds degrees in psychology and psychiatric social work from DePauw and Washington universities and trained in clinical hypnosis at the Menninger Institute. He's in his 12th year of work at a psychiatric hospital facility in Springfield. "When Gerald tells his story, it's not just a story -- it's his life he's telling you, intermixed with his feelings and his beliefs and all that is Gerald," Carpenter says. "When someone is spinning a hoax or tale, they only give you enough to raise your curiosity. Not Gerald. He gives you everything, in detail, much more than you ask him for. He'd be setting himself up to be found out if it wasn't true. He's so confident, he goes so much further than a hoaxer would ever dare." Carpenter puts great stock in Anderson's recountings under hypnosis. "It's what he didn't say that was significant." Carpenter says, explaining that despite clever prodding, Anderson never committed a hoaxer's mistake of "recalling" something that shouldn't be a part of his own memory. "And when he's under hypnosis, all the bigger, adult words drop out when he describes events from his childhood," Carpenter found. "He relates what he was in child-like terms." Carpenter also detected "genuine amazement" when Anderson heard what had been dredged from his subconscious memory under hypnosis. "The look on his face was priceless when he realized he'd produced details he'd forgotten on a conscious level so long ago." Most subtle but perhaps most telling, in Carpenter's view, was Anderson's reaction to being accepted as a viable witness to an extraordinary encounter with a spacecraft and creatures from beyond Earth. "He was so grateful at being taken seriously. You could see the relief and release after all those years, and the great hope that other people would take him seriously too, once and for all." Ironically, Friedman points to Gallup Poll results indicating that 60 percent of Americans who have college degrees say they believe UFOs are real. With such a receptive constituency, why would government officials persist in what Friedman calls the "Cosmic Watergate" -- the cover-up and denial of the New Mexico crashes? Perhaps, some speculate, because it would be too embarrassing now to admit that some supposedly made-in-USA technologies actually were plagiarized from confiscated spacecraft. Friedman emphasizes that he's not as interested in uncovering past misdeeds as he is in encouraging future progress. "I believe we should have an 'Earthling" orientation rather than nationalistic orientation. The easiest way to demonstrate the wisdom of this is to prove that life forms from other planets are coming here. If we can do that, then everyone will be forced to look at our world differently, as a part of a galactic neighborhood." -+-----end. The second part of the Springfield newspaper, dated December 9th, 1990 is as follows: Titled: Fact or Fantasy? Springfieldian seeks validation of UFO encounter 43 years ago. Written by: Mike O'Brien ALSO NOTE: the actual newspaper article shows a scene of the UFO crash drawn by Gerald Anderson and also a sketch of a creature he believes was a visitor from another galaxy. -+-------------begin story-------------- To a 5-year-old kid from Indianapolis, the mountains and mesas and vast scrubland surrounding Albuquerque seemed an alien world. "I was in awe" recalls Gerald Anderson of his arrival in New Mexico with his family in July 1947. "I was in the wild frontier. There were real, live Indians out there." Then says Anderson, on his second day in the Southwest he bumped into real,live creatures from a truly alien world. There were four -- two dead, on dying, one apparently uninjured. The creatures were about 4 feet tall, with heads disproportionately large for their bodies by human measure and almond-shaped, coal black eyes. They huddled in the shadow of 50-ft-diameter silver disk - a "flying saucer" that had crashed into a low hillside on the rim of what locals call the Plains of San Augustin. Anderson, a former police chief at Rockaway Beach and Taney County deputy sheriff who now works as a security officer in Springfield, is adamant about events on the hot midsummer day so long ago. "I saw them. I even touched one of the creatures. I put my hand on their ship. And I wasn't alone - my dad, my uncle, my brother and my cousin all saw the same things. And so did a lot of other people. But they aren't talking. Anderson is talking, publicly, after 43 years of silence. Among those listening most intently are some of the foremost researchers into unidentified flying object (UFO phenomena. These experts say Gerald Anderson appears to be an important link in a frustratingly fragmented chain of evidence concerning the most famous - or infamous - chapter in UFO annals: the so called "Roswell Incident." No one denies that "something" happened in July 1947 in central New Mexico, cradle of U.S. nuclear and rocket technology. However, military authorities insist reports of strange craft in the sky and bizarre wreckage on the ground were traced at the time to an errant weather balloon and other manmade or natural circumstance. Nonetheless, over the years, persistent whispered rumors grew into published articles and books, even movies, which fanned speculation that what actually occurred was a visit by creatures from another planet - an intergalactic expedition that turned to tragedy on the high desert and then into a massive cover-up in the highest circles of the U.S. government. Anderson says he was unaware of ongoing fascination and controversy over the strange episode from his childhood until one evening this past January when he was flipping through channels on his television set and stumbled across the popular program "Unsolved Mysteries." "I wasn't looking for any unsolved mysteries - I have enough mysteries in my life that are unsolved, and I don't need any more," Anderson jokes. He is a burly, barrel-chested man standing 6-4 and carrying a muscular 250-plus pounds, with reddish hair and a ruddy complexion creased from easy laughter. "But, bingo! On comes this story, and everything was wrong," Anderson recalls of the TV show. On sudden impulse, he dialed an 800 phone number that flashed onto the screen. "I guess I figured that if people were still interested in this thing, they might as well get it straight" is the only explanation he can muster for speaking up after years of keeping mostly mum on the matter. "These people don't know what they're talking about," Anderson told the operator on the other end of the long-distance line. "The shape of the craft is totally wrong. 'And how do you know that, sir?" she asked. ' I saw it, I was there,' I told her. "Whoa!" she said. "Thee are some people who will want to talk to you...'" Anderson's phone soon was ringing with calls from UFO researchers around the country. One in particular, Stanton Friedman, a nuclear physicist and popular lecturer who had advised the "Unsolved Mysteries" producers, was struck by correlations between Anderson's recollections and obscure details Friedman uncovered while sleuthing for a book to be published next year. Friedman, who lives in Canada, contacted John Carpenter, a Springfield professional therapist who in his spare time serves as a director of investigations for the local chapter of Mutual UFO Network, a nationwide organization of UFO researchers. At Friedman's request, Carpenter conducted extensive in person interviews of Anderson, including sessions under hypnosis. The results excited Friedman. "Powerful stuff!" he exclaimed upon hearing interview tapes. Friedman arranged airline tickets for Anderson and Carpenter to join him in New Mexico to pinpoint the crash site. Anderson says the flight was his first return to New Mexico in more than a quarter-century. After pointing the pilot of a chartered helicopter to a spot in the desert 75 air miles southwest of Albuquerque, Anderson gazed at a hillside, strewn with boulders the size of Volkswagens and dotted with a few gnarled pinion trees, that he says he saw in the summer of 1947..... A NEW HOME The Anderson family arrived in Albuquerque from Indiana on July 4, 1947. they took up temporary residence at the home of one of Gerald's uncles, Guy Anderson. Gerald's father, Glen, was about to take a job as a master machinist involved in nuclear weapons design at the super-secret Sandia base on the outskirts of town. The next day, another uncle, Ted, struck up a conversation with Gerald's older brother Glen Jr., who was on leave from the Marine Corps. Glen Jr. was a rockhound, and his uncle piqued the young Marine's enthusiasm with talks of gorgeous stones just waiting to be collected in the desert. " Ted told my brother, ' I know where there's plenty of moss agate.' So we all piled into a 1940 Plymouth - Uncle Ted, my cousin Victor (Ted's 8 year old son), my brother, Glen, my dad and myself. We went out into this area where the moss agate was supposed to be - followed two ruts into the desert, bounced along out there for a while, and ended up on top of a ridgeline. We parked the car and started to walk down an arroyo (gully) and dry creek bed and out onto the plains. A STRANGE DISCOVERY "But we came around a corner and right there in front of us stuck into the side of this hill, was a silver disc. There were some remarks like"There's a crash up here! Something's crashed up here! And then someone saying 'That's a goddamn spaceship!" "We all went up there to it. There were three creatures, three bodies, lying on the ground underneath this thing in the shade. Two weren't moving and the third one obviously was having trouble breathing, like when you have broken ribs. There was a fourth one next to it, sitting there on the ground. There wasn't a thing wrong with it, and it apparently had been giving first aid to the others. Anderson animatedly acts out the fourth creature's reaction when the family members approached. "It recoiled in fear, like it thought we were going to attack it," anderson recounts, covering his face with crossed arms. The adults tried to repeatedly to communicate with the frightened creature, Anderson says, but there was no audible response to greetings spoken in English and Spanish. A few minutes after the Anderson clan happened upon the bizarre scene, six other people arrived - five college students and their teacher. They'd been working on an archaeological dig around cliff dwellings a few miles away and had decided to hike over after seeing what they thought was a firey meteor crashing the night before. The professor, a Dr. Buskirk, tried several foreign languages in unsuccessful attempts to coax a verbal response from the creature, Anderson says. The sun had climbed to a midday peak by this time and recalls anderson, "to a kid from Indiana, it was hot brother, let me tell you." He chugged a chocolate flavored soft drink an hour earlier and the sweet soda pop was churning uncomfortably in his stomach. so he sought shelter in the shadow of the spacecraft. "It was 115 (degrees) out there that day. But around the craft, when you got close to it, it was cold. When you touched the metal, it felt just like it came out of a freezer." SOMETHING WASN'T RIGHT Anderson also touched one of the creatures lying motionless on the ground - and it, too was cold. In his child's mind, he had thought the figures looked like dolls. But when he felt the cold skin, " I knew something wasn't quite right. Yuck!. Anderson says he ran to the crest of a nearby knoll to take stock. A pickup truck arrived on the ridge, and a fellow whom researchers believe was a civil engineer named Barney Barnett joined the curious audience. "I remember thinking he looked like Harry Truman. In 1947, every kid knew what Harry Truman looked like," Anderson says. After a few minutes, Anderson summoned the courage to again creep close to the strange saucer. It was then more chilling than the surface of the craft of the skin of the corpse; The upright creature turned and looked right at me and it was like he was inside my head - as if he was doing my thinking, as if his thoughts were in my head." Anderson remembers a mental sensation of falling and tumbling end-over-end. "I felt that thing's fear, felt its depression, felt its loneliness. I relived the crash. I know the terror it went through. That one look told me everything that quickly," he says with a snap of his fingers. Other things began happening quickly about this time, Anderson says. A contingent of armed soldiers suddenly appeared. The creature, which had calmed down after its initial fright, "went crazy" at the sight of the soldiers. Thinking back on the creature's plight today brings on the "awfulest, horrible feeling," Anderson says. "His situation was hopeless. He knew it. He'd just lived through a nightmare that most of us wouldn't be able to psychologically stand. He'd watched two of his crew, his friends or maybe even his family die. He's watching another one die. He knows there's no chance of rescue, because the military is here and his people aren't going to be able to get him. "God only knows how far away from home he was, and he knew he was never going to see - if they have loved ones - his loved ones again. He was totally alone on a hostile planet, and the only people who where showing him kindness were being run off by the military at weapon-point. "As a kid, I was aware of what being afraid of the dark was like., and the feeling I got from him was that feeling multiplied a million times. It was scary. It was terrifying. SOLDIERS ON THE SCENE Anderson says he lost sight of the creature as the soldiers swarmed over the site. The civilians were brusquely shoved from the craft. Anderson remembers shouts and threats. His uncle Ted threw a punch at one of the GIs. "Things got very tense, very dangerous," Anderson says. "The soldiers ushered us out of there very unceremoniously. Their attitude, to describe it at best, was uncivilized." Anderson has an especially vivid memory of a tough-talking red haired Army captain and an equally gruff black sergeant. "They told my dad and my uncle, who also worked at Sandia, that if they were ever to divulge anything about this - it was a secret military aircraft, they said - then us kids would be taken away and they'd never see us again." It seems an outrageous threat in hindsight, Anderson concedes. But at the time, he reminds, "These people had machine guns and you listened to what they said." Another recollection strikes Anderson as odd today: The soldiers didn't appear surprised about the otherwordly craft and creatures. they didn't gawk, slack-jawed and awe-struck as the Andersons had done. "The soldiers weren't saying, 'Gee, look at that!" They were very cognizant of what they were looking at. They knew what it was. And it soon became apparent, Anderson says, that the Army knew what it wanted to do with the find. "there was a battalion of military, a real invasion force, when we got back up on the hilltop. There were trucks, there were airplanes - they had the road blocked off and they were landing on it. They had radio communications gear set up. There were ambulances, and more soldiers with weapons." In the days that followed, all of New Mexico was abuzz with talk of strange lights in the sky, strange echos on radar, strange doings in the desert. On July 7, new reports told of remnants of an unidentified aircraft found by a rancher near the town of Roswell, N.M. about 150 miles east of the hillside where the Anderson's stumbled upon the saucer. Although several witnesses said it was like nothing they'd ever seen before, military officers insisted the metallic pieces came from an ordinary weather balloon..... A WEATHER BALLOON? Forty three years later, Anderson smiles wryly when reminded of the Army's pronouncement, "A lot of people wondered why, if it was just a weather balloon, the military put the pieces under armed guard and flew them in a B-29 to Wright Patterson Air Force Base in Ohio," he observes. Anderson believes the wreckage scattered near Roswell and the barely damaged saucer on the Plains of San Augustin are connected. "There was a gash in the side of the disc we saw, like it had been crushed in," he says. "The contour of the craft would fit into that gash perfectly - like another one of these things had hit it. I think two of these discs had a mid-air collision. One exploded and feel in pieces near Roswell, and the other crash-landed where we found it. With all evidence confiscated and the military steadfastly sticking by the weather balloon explanation, the story faded from the news by July's end. And Gerald Anderson says he tucked away the memory as he grew into manhood. "I learned you just don't go up to the average person on the street and say, "Damn, know what I saw?" The guy will go, "Get away from me, fool! Are you crazy?" In later life, he didn't mention it even to his wife until a few years after their marriage. Anderson joined the Navy in the late 1950s and served a dozen years in posts around the globe. He lived for a few years in Colorado, working as a paramedic and working toward a college degree in microbiology. In 1979, he moved to Missouri to better raise his daughter away from what he terms the "druggy" atmosphere of Denver. In addition to his law enforcement posts, Anderson has worked for two southwest Missouri trucking firms as a driver and instructor. Anderson also has been active in the Episcopal Church. He recently was elected to the vestry at Ascension Episcopal in Springfield and is studying toward becoming a deacon. A gold crucifix - a cross complete with a figure of the martyred Christ affixed to it - suspended from a chain around Anderson's neck is testimony to his faith. NO CONFLICT IN BELIEFS Although he concedes his account might make some fellow churchgoers uncomfortable, Anderson sees no conflict between what he saw with his eyes and what he believes in his heart: "When you're talking about the concept of God, you have to be talking in the context of a universal situations, a deity that built the whole universe. And why should we assume that this speck of sand in the backwater of space would be the only place that an all-perfect, almighty God could create life?" In fact, Anderson says he "wouldn't be one bit surprised to find out that, wherever this creature came from, there they have a very strong concept of a supreme being. Because of my contact with the creature showed a high degree of civilized sophistication, gentleness, compassion - all of the things we hold as ideals." Of the five anderson men who ventured into the desert that day in 1947, only Gerald is still alive. Age, illness and accidents claimed the other four in recent years. But not only andersons were at the scene, Gerald says, and he hopes his decision to come forth, albeit belated, will encourage others to tell what they know and spur official revelations about the captured craft and creatures. "I want to see the government stand up and say, 'Look, we're not alone in the universe. Let's make a 'Star Trek' really happen. Let's do go out there and explore the universe. That may be our only salvation. Because with what's doing to this Earth, we're not going to make it much past the year 2000." -+-----end of story-------------- EOF -- -* Don Allen *- InterNet: dona@bilver.UUCP // Amiga..for the rest of us. USnail: 1818G Landing Dr, Sanford Fl 32771 \X/ Why use anything else? :^) UUCP: ..uunet!tarpit!bilver!vicstoy!dona 0110 0110 0110 Just say NO! Illuminati < MJ-12|Grudge|TLC|CFR|FED|EEC|Bush > WAR = "New World Order" Article 3930 of alt.conspiracy: Path: lassie!voder!pyramid!decwrl!wuarchive!zaphod.mps.ohio-state.edu!think.com!masscomp!peora!tarpit!bilver!dona From: firstname.lastname@example.org (Don Allen) Newsgroups: alt.alien.visitors,alt.conspiracy Subject: INFO:CHAPTER XIII - UNIDENTIFIED FLYING OBJECTS Keywords: USAF Chapter in Training Textbook, long since censored. Message-ID: <1991Apr10.email@example.com> Date: 10 Apr 91 02:50:20 GMT Organization: W. J. Vermillion - Winter Park, FL Lines: 686 Xref: lassie alt.conspiracy:3930 This is considered a *classic* among various UFO text files. Read and make up your own mind :-) -------Begin included text ----------------------------------- CUFON - UFO Information Service Seattle, Washington _______________________________________________________________ INTRODUCTORY SPACE SCIENCE - VOLUME II - DEPARTMENT OF PHYSICS - USAF Edited by: Major Donald G. Carpenter Co-Editor: Lt. Colonel Edward R. Therkelson CHAPTER XIII UNIDENTIFIED FLYING OBJECTS ------------------------------------------------------------------------- What is an Unidentified Flying Object (UFO)? Well, according to United States Air Force Regulation 80-17 (dated 19 September 1966), a UFO is "Any" aerial Phenomenon or object which is unknown or appears to be out of the ordinary to the observer." This is a very broad definition which applies equally well to one individual seeing his first noctilucent cloud at twilight as it does to another individual seeing his first helicopter. However, at present most people consider the term UFO to mean an object which behaves in a strange or erratic manner while moving through the Earth's atmosphere. That strange phenomenon has evoked strong emotions and great curiosity among a large segment of our world's population. The average person is interested because he loves a mystery, the professional military man is involved because of the possible threat to national security, and some scientists are interested because of the basic curiosity that led them into becoming researchers. The literature on UFO's is so vast, and the stories so many and varied, that we can only present a sketchy outline of the subject in this chapter. That outline includes description classifications, operational domains (temporal and spatial), some theories as to the nature of the UFO phenomenon, human reactions, attempts to attack the problem scientifically, and some tentative conclusions. If you wish to read further in this area, the references provide an excellent starting point. 33.1 DESCRIPTIONS One of the greatest problems you encounter when attempting to catalog UFO sightings, is selection of a system for cataloging. No effective system has yet been devised, although a number of different systems have been proposed. The net result is that almost all UFO data are either treated in the form of individual cases, or in the forms of inadequate classification systems. However, these systems do tend to have some common factors, and a collection of these factors is as follows: a. Size b. Shape (disc, ellipse, football, etc.) c. Luminosity d. Color e. Number of UFO's ------------------------------------------------------------------------- ( Page Two ) CUFON - UFO Information Service Seattle, Washington ________________________________________________________________ Behavior: a. Location (altitude, direction, etc.) b. Patterns of paths (straight line, climbing, zig-zagging, etc.) c. Flight Characteristics (wobbling, fluttering, etc.) d. Periodicity of sightings e. Time duration f. Curiosity or inquisitiveness g. Avoidance h. Hostility Associated Effects: a. Electro-Magnetic (compass, radio, ignition systems, etc.) b. Radiation (burns, induced radioactivity, etc.) c. Ground disturbance (dust stirred up, leaves moved, standing wave d. Sound (none, hissing, humming, roaring, thunderclaps, etc.) e. Vibration (weak, strong, slow, fast) f. Smell (ozone or other odor) g. Flame (how much, where, when, color) h. Smoke or cloud (amount, color, persistence) i. Debris (type, amount, color, persistence) j. Inhibition of voluntary movement by observers k. Sighting of "creatures" or "beings" After Effects: a. Burned areas or animals b. Depressed or flattened areas c. Dead or missing animals d. Mentally disturbed people e. Missing items We make no attempt here to present available data in terms of the foregoing descriptors. ( Page Three ) CUFON - UFO Information Service Seattle, Washington ------------------------------------------------------------------------- 33.2 OPERATIONAL DOMAINS - TEMPORAL AND SPATIAL What we will do here is to present evidence that UFO's are a global phenomenon which may have persisted for many thousands of years. During this discussion, please remember that the more ancient the reports the less sophisticated the observer. Not only were the ancient observers lacking the terminology necessary to describe complex devices (such as present day helicopters) but they were also lacking the concepts necessary to understand the true nature of such things as television, spaceships, rockets, nuclear weapons and radiation effects. To some, the most advanced technological concept was a war chariot with knife blades attached to the wheels. By the same token, the very lack of accurate terminology and descriptions leaves the more ancient reports open to considerable misinterpretation, and it may well be that present evaluations of individual reports are completely wrong. Nevertheless, let us start with an intriguing story in one of the oldest chronicles of India...the Book of Dzyan. The book is a group of "story-teller" legends which were finally gathered in manuscript form when man learned to write. One of the stories is of a small group of beings who supposedly came to Earth many thousands of years ago in a metal craft which orbited the Earth several times before landing. As told in the Book "These beings lived to themselves and were revered by the humans among whom they had settled. But eventually differences arose among them and they divided their numbers, several of the men and women and some children settled in another city, where they were promptly installed as rulers by the awe-stricken populace. "Separation did not bring peace to these people and finally their anger reached a point where the ruler of the original city took with him a small number of his warriors and they rose into the air in a huge shining metal vessel. While they were many leagues from the city of their enemies, they launched a great shining lance that rode on a beam of light. It burst apart in the city of their enemies with a great ball of flame that shot up to the heavens, almost to the stars. All those who were in the city were horribly burned and even those who were not in the city - but nearby - were burned also. Those who looked upon the lance and the ball of fire were blinded forever afterward. Those who entered the city on foot became ill and died. Even the dust of the city was poisoned, as were the rivers that flowed through it. Men dared not go near it, and it gradually crumbled into dust and was forgotten by men." "When the leader saw what he had done to his own people he retired to his palace and refused to see anyone. Then he gathered about him those warriors who remained, and their wives and children, and they entered their vessels and rose one by one into the sky and sailed away. Nor did they return." ------------------------------------------------------------------------- Continued - ( Page Four ) CUFON - UFO Information Service Seattle, Washington ________________________________________________________________ Could this foregoing legend really be an account of an extraterrestrial colonization, complete with guided missle, nuclear warhead and radiation effects? It is difficult to assess the validity of that explanation... just as it is difficult to explain why Greek, Roman and Nordic Mythology all discuss wars and contacts among their "Gods." (Even the Bible records conflict between the legions of God and Satan.) Could it be that each group recorded their parochial view of what was actually a global conflict among alien colonists or visitors? Or is it that man has led such a violent existence that he tends to expect conflict and violence among even his gods? Evidence of perhaps an even earlier possible contact was uncovered by Tschi Pen Lao of the University of Peking. He discovered astonishing carvings in granite on a mountain in Hunan Province and on an island in Lake Tungting. These carvings have been evaluated as 47,000 years old, and they show people with large trunks (breathing apparatus?...or "elephant" heads shown on human bodies? Remember, the Egyptians often represented their gods as animal heads on human bodies.) Only 8,000 years ago, rocks were sculpted in the Tassili plateau of Sahara, depicting what appeared to be human beings but with strange round heads (helmets? or "sun" heads on human bodies?) And even more recently, in the Bible, Genesis (6:4) tells of angels from the sky mating with women of Earth, who bore them children. Genesis 19:3 tells of Lot meeting two angels in the desert and his later feeding them at his house. The Bible also tells a rather unusual story of Ezekiel who witnessed what has been interpreted by some to have been a spacecraft or aircraft landing near the Chebar River in Chaldea (593 B.C.). Even the Irish have recorded strange visitations. In the Speculum Regali in Konungs Skuggsa (and other accounts of the era about 956 A.D.) are numerous stories of "demonships" in the skies. In one case a rope from one such ship became entangled with part of a church. A man from the ship climbed down the rope to free it, but was seized by the townspeople. The bishop made the people release the man, who climbed back to the ship, where the crew cut the rope and the ship rose and sailed out of sight. In all of his actions, the climbing man appeared as if he were swimming in water. Stories such as this makes one wonder if the legends of the "little people" of Ireland were based upon imagination alone. About the same time, in Lyons (France) three men and a women supposedly descended from an airship or spaceship and were captured by a mob. These foreigners admitted to being wizards, and were killed. (No mention is made of the methods employed to extract the admissions.) Many documented UFO sightings occurred throughout the Middle Ages, including an especially startling one of a UFO over London on 16 December 1742. However, we do not have room to include any more of the Middle Ages sightings. Instead, two "more-recent" sightings are contained in this section to bring us up to modern times. ------------------------------------------------------------------------- Continued - ( Page Five ) CUFON - UFO Information Service Seattle, Washington ________________________________________________________________ In a sworn statement dated 21 April 1897, a prosperous and prominent farmer named Alexander Hamilton (Le Roy, Kansas, U.S.A.) told of an attack upon his cattle at about 10:30 p.m. the previous Monday. He, his son, and his tenant grabbed axes and ran some 700 feet from the house to the cow lot where a great cigar-shaped ship about 300 feet long floated some 30 feet above the cattle. It had a carriage underneath which was brightly lighted within (dirigible and gondola?) and which had numerous windows. Inside were six strange looking beings jabbering in a foreign language. These beings suddenly became aware of Hamilton and the others. They immediately turned a searchlight on the farmer, and also turned on some power which sped up a turbine wheel (about 30 ft diameter) located under the craft. The ship rose, taking with it a two-year old heifer which was roped about the neck by a cable of one-half inch thick, red material. The next day a neighbor, Link Thomas, found the animal's hide, legs and head in his field. He was mystified at how the remains got to where they were because of the lack of tracks in the soft soil. Alexander Hamilton's sworn statement was accompanied by an affidavit as to his veracity. The affidavit was signed by ten of the local leading citizens. On the evening of 4 November 1957 at Fort Itaipu, Brazil, two sentries noted a "new star" in the sky. The "star" grew in size and within seconds stopped over the fort. It drifted slowly downward, was as large as a big aircraft, and was surround by a strong orange glow. A distinct humming sound was heard, and then the heat struck. One sentry collapsed almost immediately, the other managed to slide to shelter under the heavy cannons where his loud cries awoke the garrison. While the troops were scrambling towards their battle stations, complete electrical failure occurred. There was panic until the lights came back on but a number of men still managed to see an orange glow leaving the area at high speed. Both sentries were found badly burned...one unconscious and the other incoherent, suffering from deep shock. Thus, UFO sightings not only appear to extend back to 47,000 years through time but also are global in nature. One has the feeling that this phenomenon deserves some sort of valid scientific investigation, even if it is a low level effort. 33.3 SOME THEORIES AS TO THE NATURE OF THE UFO PHENOMENON There are very few cohesive theories as to the nature of UFO's. Those theories that have been advanced can be collected in five groups: a. Mysticism b. Hoaxes, and rantings due to unstable personalities c. Secret Weapons d. Natural Phenomena e. Alien visitors ------------------------------------------------------------------------- Continued - PAGE SIX ________________________________________________________________ Mysticism It is believed by some cults that the mission of UFO's and their crews is a spiritual one, and that all materialistic efforts to determine the UFO's nature are doomed to failure. Hoaxes and Rantings due to Unstable Personalities Some have suggested that all UFO reports were the results of pranks and hoaxes, or were made by people with unstable personalities. This attitude was particularly prevalent during the time period when the Air Force investigation was being operated under the code name of Project Grudge. A few airlines even went as far as to ground every pilot who reported seeing a "flying saucer." The only way for the pilot to regain flight status was to undergo a psychiatric examination. There was a noticeable decline in pilot reports during this time interval, and a few interpreted this decline to prove that UFO's were either hoaxes or the result of unstable personalities. It is of interest that NICAP (The National Investigations Committee on Aerial Phenomena) even today still receives reports from commercial pilots who neglect to notify either the Air Force or their own airline. There are a number of cases which indicate that not all reports fall in the hoax category. We will examine one such case now. It is the Socorro, New Mexico sighting made by police Sergeant Lonnie Zamora. Sergeant Zamora was patrolling the streets of Socorro on 24 April 1964 when he saw a shiny object drift down into an area of gullies on the edge of town. He also heard a loud roaring noise which sounded as if an old dynamite shed located out that way had exploded. He immediately radioed police headquarters, and drove out toward the shed. Zamora was forced to stop about 150 yards away from a deep gully in which there appeared to be an overturned car. He radioed that he was investigating a possible wreck, and then worked his car up onto the mesa and over toward the edge of the gully. He parked short, and when he walked the final few feet to the edge, he was amazed to see that it was not a car but instead was a weird eggshaped object about fifteen feet long, white in color and resting on short, metal legs. Beside it, unaware of his presence were two humanoids dressed in silvery coveralls. They seemed to be working on a portion of the underside of the object. Zamora was still standing there, surprised, when they suddenly noticed him and dove out of sight around the object. Zamora also headed the other way, back toward his car. He glanced back at the object just as a bright blue flame shot down from the underside. Within seconds the eggshaped thing rose out of the gully with "an ear- -splitting roar." The object was out of sight over the nearby mountains almost immediately, and Sergeant Zamora was moving the opposite direction almost as fast when he met Sergeant Sam Chavez who was responding to Zamora' s earlier radio calls. Together they investigated the gully and found the bushes charred and still smoking where the blue flame had jetted down on them. About the charred area were four deep marks where the metal legs had been. Each mark was three and one half inches deep, and was circular in shape. The sand in the gully was very hard packed so no sign of the humanoids' footprints could be found. An official investigation was launched that same day, and all data obtained supported the stories of Zamora and Chavez. It is rather difficult to label this episode a hoax, and it is also doubtful that both Zamora and Chavez shared portions of the same hallucination. ------------------------------------------------------------------------ PAGE SEVEN ________________________________________________________________ Secret Weapons A few individuals have proposed that UFO's are actually advanced weapon systems, and that their natures must not be revealed. Very few people accept this as a credible suggestion. Natural Phenomena It has also been suggested that at least some, and possibly all, of the UFO cases were just mis-interpreted manifestations of natural phenomena. Undoubtedly this suggestion has some merit. People have reported, as UFO's, objects which were conclusively proven to be balloons (weather and skyhook), the planet Venus, man-made artificial satellites, normal aircraft, unusual cloud formations, and lights from ceilometers (equipment projecting light beams on cloud bases to determine the height of the aircraft visual ceiling) . It is also suspected that people have reported mirages, optical illusions, swamp gas and ball lightning (a poorly-understood discharge of electrical energy in a spheroidal or ellipsoidal shape...some charges have lasted for up to fifteen minutes but the ball is usually no bigger than a large orange. ) But it is difficult to tell a swamp dweller that the strange, fast-moving light he saw in the sky was swamp gas; and it is just as difficult to tell a farmer that a bright UFO in the sky is the same ball lightning that he has seen rolling along his fence wires in dry weather. Thus accidental mis-identification of what might well be natural phenomena breeds mistrust and disbelief; it leads to the hasty conclusion that the truth is deliberatly not being told. One last suggestion of interest has been made, that the UFO's were plasmoids from space...concentrated blobs of solar wind that succeeded in reaching the surface of the Earth. Somehow this last suggestion does not seem to be very plausible; perhaps because it ignores such things as penetration of Earth's magnetic field. Alien Visitors The most stimulating theory for us is that the UFO's are material objects which are either "Manned" or remote-controlled by beings who are alien to this planet. There is some evidence supporting this viewpoint. In addition to police Sergeant Lonnie Zamora's experience, let us consider the case of Barney and Betty Hill. On a trip through New England they lost two hours on the night of 19 September 1961 without even realizing it. However, after that night both Barney and Betty began developing psychological problems which eventually grew sufficienty severe that they submitted themselves to psychiatric examination and treatment. During the course of treatment hypnotherapy was used, and it yielded remarkably detailed and similar stories from both Barney and Betty. Essentially they had been hypnotically kidnapped, taken aboard a UFO, submitted to two-hour physicals, and released with posthypnotic suggestions to forget the entire incident. The evidence is rather strong that this is what the Hills, even in their subconscious, believe happened to them. And it is of particular importance that after the "posthypnotic block" was removed, both of the Hills ceased having their psychological problems. ------------------------------------------------------------------------- PAGE EIGHT ________________________________________________________________ The Hill's description of the aliens was similar to descriptions provided in other cases, but this particular type of alien appears to be in the minority. The most commonly described alien is about three and one- half feet tall, has a round head (helmet?), arms reaching to or below his knees, and is wearing a silvery space suit or coveralls. Other aliens appear to be essentially the same as Earthmen, while still others have particularily wide (wrap around) eyes and mouths with very thin lips. And there is a rare group reported as about four feet tall, weight of around 35 pounds, and covered with thick hair or fur (clothing?). Members of this last group are described as being extremely strong. If such beings are visiting Earth, two questions arise: 1) why haven't there been any accidents which have revealed their presence, and 2) why haven't they attempted to contact us officially? The answer to the first question may exist partially in Sergeant Lonnie Zamora's experience, and may exist partially in the Tunguska meteor discussed in Chapter XXIX. In that chapter it was suggested that the Tonguska meteor was actually a comet which exploded in the atmosphere, the ices melted and the dust spread out. Hence, no debris! However, it has also been suggested that the Tunguska meteor was actually an alien spacecraft that entered the atmosphere to rapidly, suffered mechanical failure, and lost its power supply and/or weapons in a nuclear explosion. While that hypothesis may seem far fetched, sample of tree rings from around the world reveal that, immediately after the Tunguska meteor explosion, the level of radioactivity in the world rose sharply for a short period of time. It is difficult to find a natural explanation for that increase in radioactivity, although the suggestion has been advanced that enough of the meteor's great kinetic energy was converted into heat (by atmospheric friction) that a fusion reaction occurred. This still leaves us with no answer to the second question: why no contact? That question is very easy to answer in several ways: 1) we may be the object of intensive sociological and psychological study. In such studies you usually avoid disturbing the test subjects' environment; 2) you do not "contact" a colony of ants, and humans may seem that way to any aliens (variation: a zoo is fun to visit, but you don't "contact" the lizards); 3) such contact may have already taken place secretly; and 4) such contact may have already taken place on a different plane of awareness and we are not yet sensitive to communications on such a plane. These are just a few of the reasons. You may add to the list as you desire. 33.4 HUMAN FEAR AND HOSTILITY Besides the foregoing reasons, contacting humans is downright dangerous. Think about that for a moment! On the microscopic level our bodies reject and fight (through production antibodies) any alien material; this process helps us fight off disease but it also sometimes results in allergic reactions to innocuous materials. On the macroscopic (psychological and sociological) level we are antagonistic to beings that are "different". For proof of that, just watch how an odd child is treated by other children, or how a minority group is socially deprived, or how the Arabs feel about the Israelis (Chinese vs Japanese, Turks vs Greeks, etc.) In case you are hesitant to extend that concept to the treatment of aliens let me point out that in very ancient times, possible extraterrestrials may have been treated as Gods but in the last two thousand years, the evidence is that any possible aliens have been ripped apart by mobs, shot and shot at, physically assaulted, and in general treated with fear and aggression. ------------------------------------------------------------------------- PAGE NINE ________________________________________________________________ In Ireland about 1,000 A.D., supposed airships were treated as "demon- ships." In Lyons, France, "admitted" space travellers were killed. More recently, on 24 July 1957 Russian anti-aircraft batteries on the Kouril Islands opened fire on UFO's. Although all Soviet anti-aircraft batteries on the Islands were in action, no hits were made. The UFO's were luminous and moved very fast. We too have fired on UFO's. About ten o'clock one morning, a radar site near a fighter base picked up a UFO doing 700 mph. The UFO then slowed to 100 mph, and two F-86's were scrambled to intercept. Eventually one F-86 closed on the UFO at about 3,000 feet altitude. The UFO began to accelerate away but the pilot still managed to get within 500 yards of the target for a short period of time. It was definately saucer- shaped. As the pilot pushed the F-86 at top speed, the UFO began to pull away. When the range reached 1,000 yards, the pilot armed his guns and fired in an attempt to down the saucer. He failed, and the UFO pulled away rapidly, vanishing in the distance. This same basic situation may have happened on a more personal level. On Sunday evening 21 August 1955, eight adults and three children were on the Sutton Farm (one-half mile from Kelly, Kentucky) when, according to them, one of the children saw a brightly glowing UFO settle behind the barn, out of sight from where he stood. Other witnesses on nearby farms also saw the object. However, the Suttons dismissed it as a "shooting star," and did not investigate. Approximately thirty minutes later (at 8 p.m.), the family dogs began barking so two of the men went to the back door and looked out. Approximately 50 feet away and coming toward them was a creature wearing a glowing silvery suit. It was about three and one-half feet tall with a large round head and very long arms. It had large webbed hands which were equipped with claws. The two Suttons grabbed a twelve guage shotgun and a 22 caliber pistol, and fired at close range. They could hear the pellets and bullet ricochet as if off of metal. The creature was knocked down, but jumped up and scrambled away. The Suttons retreated into the house, turned off all inside lights, and turned on the porch-light. At that moment, one of the women who was peeking out of the dining room window discovered that a creature with some sort of helmet and wide slit eyes was peeking back at her. She screamed, the men rushed in and started shooting. The creature was knocked backwards but again scrambled away without apparent harm. More shooting occurred (a total of about 50 rounds) over the next 20 minutes and the creatures finally left (perhaps feeling unwelcome?) After about a two hour wait (for safety), the Suttons left too. By the time the police got there, the aliens were gone but the Suttons would not move back to the farm. They sold it and departed. This reported incident does bear out the contention though that humans are dangerous. At no time in the story did the supposed aliens shoot back, although one is left with the impression that the described creatures were having fun scaring humans. 33.5 ATTEMPTS AT SCIENTIFIC APPROACHES In any scientific endeavor, the first step is to aquire data, the second step to clasify the data, and the third step to form hypothesis. The hypothesis are tested by repeating the entire process, with each cycle resulting in an increase in understanding (we hope). The UFO phenomenon does not yield readily to this approach because the data taken so far exhibits both excessive variety and vagueness. The vagueness is caused in part by the lack of preparation of the observer...very few people leave their house knowing that they are going to see a UFO that evening. Photographs are overexposed or underexposed, and rarely in color. Hardly anyone carries around a radiation counter or magnetometer. And, in addition to this, there is a very high level of "noise" in the data. PAGE TEN ________________________________________________________________ The noise consists of mistaken reports of known natural phenomena, hoaxes, reports by unstable individuals and mistaken removal of data regarding possible unnatural or unknown natural phenomena (by overzealous individuals who are trying to eliminate all data due to known natural phenomena). In addition, those data, which do appear to be valid, exhibit an excessive amount of variety relative to the statistical samples which are available. This has led to very clumsy classification systems, which in turn provide quite unfertile ground for formulation of hypothesis. One hypothesis which looked promising for a time was that of ORTHOTENY (i.e., UFO sightings fall on "great circle" routes). At first, plots of sightings seemed to verify the concept of orthoteny but recent use of computers has revealed that even random numbers yield "great circle" plots as neatly as do UFO sightings. There is one solid advance that has been made though. Jacques and Janine Vallee have taken a particular type of UFO - namely those that are lower than tree-top level when sighted - and plotted the UFO's estimated diameter versus the estimated distance from the observer. The result yields an average diameter of 5 meters with a very characteristic drop for short viewing distances, and rise for long viewing distances. This behavior at the extremes of the curve is well known to astronomers and psychologists as the "moon illusion." The illusion only occurs when the object being viewed is a real, physical object. Because this implies that the observers have viewed a real object, it permits us to accept also their statement that these particular UFO's had a rotational axis of symmetry. Another, less solid, advance made by the Vallee's was their plotting of the total number of sightings per week versus the date. They did this for the time span from 1947 to 1962, and then attempted to match the peaks of the curve (every 2 years 2 months) to the times of Earth-Mars conjuction (every 2 years 1.4 months). The match was very good between 1950 and 1956 but was poor outside those limits. Also, the peaks were not only at the times of Earth-Mars conjunction but also roughly at the first harmonic (very loosely, every 13 months). This raises the question why should UFO's only visit Earth when Mars is in conjunction and when it is on the opposite side of the sun. Obviously, the conjunction periodicity of Mars is not the final answer. As it happens, there is an interesting possibility to consider. Suppose Jupiter's conjunctions were used; they are every 13.1 months. That would satisfy the observed periods nicely, except for every even data peak being of different magnitude from every odd data peak. Perhaps a combination of Martian, Jovian, and Saturnian (and even other planetary) conjunctions will be necessary to match the frequency plot... if it can be matched. Further data correlation is quite difficult. There are a large number of different saucer shapes but this may mean little. For example, look at the number of different types of aircraft which are in use in the U.S. Air Force alone. It is obvious that intensive scientific study is needed in this area; no such study has yet been undertaken at the necessary levels of intensity and support. One thing that must be guarded against in any such study is the trap of implicity assuming that our knowledge of Physics (or any other branch of science) is complete. An example of one such trap is selecting a group of physical laws which we now accept as valid, and assume that they will never be superceded. PAGE ELEVEN ________________________________________________________________ Five such laws might be: 1) Every action must have an opposite and equal reaction. 2) Every particle in the univers attracts every other particle with a force proportional to the product of the masses and inversely as the square of the distance. 3) Energy, mass and momentum are conserved. 4) No material body can have a speed as great as c, the speed of light in free space. 5) The maximum energy, E, which can be obtained from a body at rest is E=mc2, where m is the rest mass of the body. Laws numbered 1 and 3 seem fairly safe, but let us hesitate and take another look. Actually, law number 3 is only valid (now) from a relativisti c viewpoint; and for that matter so are laws 4 and 5. But relativity completely revised these physical concepts after 1915, before then Newtonian mechanics were supreme. We should also note that general relativity has not yet been verified. Thus we have the peculiar situation of five laws which appear to deny the possibility of intelligent alien control of UFO's, yet three of the laws are recent in concept and may not even be valid. Also, law number 2 has not yet been tested under conditions of large relativ e speeds or accelerations. We should not deny the possibility of alien control of UFO's on the basis of preconceived notions not established as related or relevant to the UFO's. 33.6 CONCLUSION From available information, the UFO phenomenon appears to have been global in nature for almost 50,000 years. The majority of known witnesses have been reliable people who have seen easily-explained natural phenomena, and there appears to be no overall positive correlation with population density. The entire phenomenon could be psychological in nature but that is quite doubtful. However, psychological factors probably do enter the data picture as "noise." The phenomenon could also be entirely due to known and unknown phenomena (with some psychological "noise" added in) but that too is questionable in view of some of the available data. This leaves us with the unpleasant possibility of alien visitors to our planet, or at least of alien controlled UFO's. However, the data are not well correlated, and what questionable data there are suggest the existence of at least three and maybe four different groups of aliens (possibly at different stages of development). This too is difficult to accept. It implies the existence of intelligent life on a majority of the planets in our solar system, or a surprisingly strong interest in Earth by members of other solar systems. ------------------------------------------------------------------------- PAGE TWELVE ________________________________________________________________ A solution to the UFO problem may be obtained by the long and diligent effort of a large group of well financed and competant scientists, unfortunately there is no evidence suggesting that such an effort is going to be made. However, even if such an effort were made, there is no guarantee of success because of the isolated and sporatic nature of the sightings. Also, there may be nothing to find, and that would mean a long search with no proff at the end. The best thing to do is to keep an open and skeptical mind, and not take an extreme position on any side of the question. -------------------------------------------------------------------------- This document is available through the Ufo Info Service. For more information write to: CUFON C/O UFO INFORMATION SERVICE P.O. Box 832 MERCER ISLAND, WA 98040 - 0219 OR CALL (206) 721-5035 This is the original Air Force Document. Thank You NOTE: Although obviously well written and comphrensive in its treatment of the UFO phenomenon, it is the opinion of ParaNet Pi that this repute d U.S.A.F. Chapter is in fact a cleverly planted hoax, and did not appear in any Air Force Training Manual as claimed. However, we do not have any hard proof to support this assessment of its authenticity. -Tom Mickus 04/24/88 EOF -- -* Don Allen *- InterNet: dona@bilver.UUCP // Amiga..for the rest of us. USnail: 1818G Landing Dr, Sanford Fl 32771 \X/ Why use anything else? :^) UUCP: ..uunet!tarpit!bilver!vicstoy!dona 0110 0110 0110 Just say NO! Illuminati < MJ-12|Grudge|TLC|CFR|FED|EEC|Bush > WAR = "New World Order" Article 3931 of alt.conspiracy: Path: lassie!voder!pyramid!decwrl!sdd.hp.com!think.com!masscomp!peora!tarpit!bilver!dona From: firstname.lastname@example.org (Don Allen) Newsgroups: alt.alien.visitors,alt.conspiracy Subject: INFO: List of UFO Books Message-ID: <1991Apr10.email@example.com> Date: 10 Apr 91 03:07:23 GMT Organization: W. J. Vermillion - Winter Park, FL Lines: 628 Xref: lassie alt.conspiracy:3931 The following is a good starting list of UFO reading material. I will post another list in a few days with more specifics. ----------Begin included text-------------------------------- UFOLOGY BOOKS (REVISION 2.0 332 books) -------------------------------------- The following is a collection of titles known to the author H. S. Stewart on the subject of UFO's. The list is alphabetic by author with the year of publication given if known. A "?" indicates that the exact date of publication is not known but that it is at least the date given. An "*" preceeding the title indicates that the author owns a copy of that book. A "#" preceeding the title indicates that the author of this list has read the book. If a book has been co-authored then only the first author listed on the cover is given. In fairness the author has not editted this list and therefore the books are not all of the same quality. HOWEVER since everone has an opininion the books whose author's name is preceeded by an "!" are considered by the writer to be must read items. If you wish to contact me you can do so via Tom Mickus's most excellent board Paranet Pi. Bill Adler * LETTERS TO THE AIR FORCE ON UFOS 1967 George Admaski * BEHIND THE FLYING SAUCER MYSTERY 1961 (FLYING SAUCERS FAREWELL) George Admaski MANY MANSIONS ?1961 George Admaski COSMIC PHILOSOPHY 1961 George Admaski * INSIDE THE FLYING SAUCERS 1955 (INSIDE THE SPACE SHIPS) George Admaski # FLYING SAUCERS HAVE LANDED 1953 George Admaski PIONEERS OF SPACE A TRIP TO THE 1949 MOON MARS AND VENUS Gordon W. Allen OVERLORDS OLYMPIANS AND THE UFO 1974 Gordon W. Allen SPACECRAFT FROM BEYOND THREE 1959 DIMENSIONS George C. Andrews EXTRATERRESTRIALS AMONG US ?1988 Orfeo Angelucci THE SECRET OF THE SAUCERS 1955 Kenneth Arnold THE COMING OF THE SAUCERS 1952 John C. Baird # THE INNER LIMITS OF OUTER SPACE 1987 Gray Barker GRAY BARKER AT GIANT ROCK 1976 Gray Barker THE SILVER BRIDGE 1970 Gray Barker THE BOOK OF GEORGE ADAMSKI 1965 Gray Barker THE STRANGE CASE OF DR M K JESSUP 1963 Gray Barker THEY KNEW TOO MUCH ABOUT FLYING SAUCERS 1958 Gray Barker THE SUACERIAN REVIEW 1956 Madelene Barnothy THE EFFECTS OF MAGNETIC FIELDS 1964 Bill Barry ULTIMATE ENCOUNTER 1978 John Baxter THE FIRE CAME BY - THE RIDDLE OF 1976 THE GREAT SIBERIAN EXPLOSION Robert B. Beard FLYING SAUCERS, UFO'S AND EXTRA TERESTRIAL LIFE:A BIBLIOGRAPHY OF BRITISH BOOKS 1971 Chessman Beere USP - PHYSICS FOR FLYING SAUCERS 1973 Albert Bender FLYING SAUCERS AND THE THREE MEN 1963 Albert Bender SPACE REVIEW 1962 Hildegard Bender KNIGHTS OF THE SOLAR CROSS - 1968 MESSAGES FROM OUTER SPACE Jacques Bergier ET INTERVENTION - THE EVIDENCE 1974 Jacques Bergier ET VISITS FROM PREHISTORY TO PRESENT 1970 ! Charles Berlitz * THE ROSWELL INCIDENT 1980 Charles Berlitz * MYSTERIES FROM FORGOTTEN WORLDS 1972 Charles Berlitz # THE MYSTERY OF ATLANTIS 1969 Raymond Bernard # THE HOLLOW EARTH 1969 Raymond Bernard FLYING SAUCERS FROM EARTHS ?1969 INTERIOR Truman Bethurum THE PEOPLE OF THE PLANET CLARION 1970 Truman Bethurum FACING REALITY 1958 Truman Bethurum THE VOICE OF THE PLANET CLARION 1957 Truman Bethurum ABOARD A FLYING SAUCER 1954 Otto Billig FLYING SAUCERS: MAGIC IN THE SKIES: A PSYCHOHISTORY 1982 Otto Binder UNSOLVED MYSTERIES OF THE PAST ?1974 Otto Binder MANKIND CHILD OF THE STARS 1974 Otto Binder FLYINF SAUCERS ARE WATCHING US 1968 Otto Binder WHAT WE REALLY KNOW ABOUT FLYING SAUCERS 1967 Ted Bloecher REPORT ON THE UFO WAVE OF 1947 1967 Ralph Blum * BEYOND EARTH: MANS CONTACT WITH UFO'S 1974 Josef Blumrich * THE SPACESHIPS OF EZEKIEL 1974 Yurko Bondarchuk UFO SIGHTINGS, LANDINGS AND ABDUCTIONS 1979 Charles Bowen ENCOUNTER CASES FROM FLYING SAUCER REVIEW 1977 Charles Bowen UFO ENCOUNTERS (magazine) 1973 Charles Bowen UFO'S IN TWO WORLDS (magazine) 1971 Charles Bowen BEYOND CONDON 1969 Charles Bowen THE HUMANOIDS - A SURVEY OF 1969 WORLDWIDE REPORTS Charles Bowen UFO PERCIPIENTS (magazine) 1969 Charles Bowen THE HUMANOIDS (magazine) 1966 M. Bowen FLYING SAUCERS AND OUTER SPACE 1969 Don Boys FLYING SAUCERS: MYTHS, MADNESS OR MADE IN MOSCOW ?1974 Ronald Bracewell THE GALACTIC CLUB 1975 Eugene Burt UFO'S AND DIAMAGNETISM 1970 Lynn E. Catoe UFO'S AND RELATED SUBJECTS: AN ANNOTATED BIBLIOGRAPHY 1969 Maurice Chatelain * OUR ANCESTORS CAME FROM OUTER SPACE 1975 Howard Chambers UFO"S FOR THE MILLIONS 1967 Robert Chapman UNIDENTIFIED FLYING OBJECTS 1969 Robert Charroux LEGACY OF THE GODS 1974 Robert Charroux THE GODS UNKNOW 1974 Robert Charroux MASTERS OF THE WORLD 1974 Robert Charroux FORGOTTEN WORLDS 1973 Robert Charroux ONE HUNDRED THOUSAND YEARS OF 1971 MANS UNKNOWN HISTORY Adrian V. Clark COSMIC MYSTERIES OF THE UNIVERSE ?1969 Edward U. Condon SCIENTIFIC STUDY OF UNIDENTIFIED FLYING OBJECTS 1969 Gordon Cove WHO PILOTS THE FLYING SAUCERS ?1974 William R. Corliss * HANDBOOK OF UNUSUAL NATURAL PHENOMENA 1977 Douglas Curran IN ADVANCE OF THE LANDING: FOLK CONCEPTS OF OUTER SPACE 1985 Reilly H. Crabb FLYING SUACERS AT EDWARDS AFB ?1980 Leonard G. Cramp SPACE, GRAVITY AND THE FLYING SAUCER ?1967 Ellen Crystal INVASION: THEY COME IN SILENCE ?1988 David M. Jacob's THE CONTROVERSY OVER FLYING OBJECTS IN AMERICA 1869-1973 ?1986 Jay David THE FLYING SAUCER READER 1967 Isabel Davis CLOSE ENCOUNTERS AT KELLY AND OTHERS OF 1955 1978 Isabel Davis EXTRATERRESTRIALS SUGGESTED MOTIVES AND ORIGIN 1969 Erich Von Daniken VON DANIKENS PROOF 1978 Erich Von Daniken MIRACLES OF THE GODS 1976 Erich Von Daniken RETURN TO THE STARS ?1974 Erich Von Daniken IN SEARCH OF ANCIENT GODS 1973 Erich Von Daniken # THE GOLD OF THE GODS 1972 Erich Von Daniken * GODS FROM OUTER SPACE 1971 Erich Von Daniken * CHARIOTS OF THE GODS 1970 L. S. DeCamp * THE ANCIENT ENGINEERS 1980 R. L. Dione * GOD DRIVES A FLYING SAUCER 1969 Barry Downing THE BIBLE AND FLYING SAUCERS 1968 Raymond W. Drake GODS AND SPACEMEN THROUGHOUT HISTORY 1975 Raymond W. Drake GODS AND SPACEMEN OF THE ANCIENT WEST 1974 Raymond W. Drake GODS AND SPACEMEN IN ANCIENT EAST 1968 Ann Druffel THE TUJUNGA CANYON CONTACTS 1980 George Eberhart UFO'S AND THE EXTRATERESTRIAL 1980 CONTACT MOVEMENT: A BIBLIOGRAPHY 1986 George Eberhart A GEO-BIBLIOGRAPHY OF ANOMALIES 1980 Martin Ebon # THE RIDDLE OF THE BERMUDA TRIANGL 1975 Frank Edwards FLYING SAUCERS HERE AND NOW 1967 Frank Edwards * FLYING SAUCERS SERIOUS BUSINESS 1966 Frank Edwards * STRANGER THAN SCIENCE 1959 Frank Edwards * STRANGEST OF ALL 1956 Robert Emenegger UFO'S PAST PRESENT & FUTURE 1974 Walter Ernsting THE DAY THE GODS DIED 1971 Hilary Evans THE EVIDENCE FOR UFO'S 1983 Lawrence Fawcett # CLEAR INTENT: THE GOVERMENT COVERUP OF THE UFO EXPERIENCE 1984 Randall Fitzgerald THE COMPLETE BOOK OF EXTRA TERRESTRIAL ENCOUNTYERS 1979 Parls Flammonde UFO EXIST ?1987 Charles Fort COMPLETE BOOKS OF CHARLES FORT 1974 Charles Fort LO! 1934 Raymond E. Fowler CASEBOOK OF A UFO INVESTIGATOR 1981 Raymond E. Fowler # THE ANDREASSON AFFAIR 1979 Stanton Friedman UFO'S TODAY 1974 Stanton Friedman UFO'S MYTH AND MYSTERY 1971 Stanton Friedman FLYING SAUCER ENERGETICS 1970 Daniel Fry THE WHITE SANDS INCIDENT 1966 Curtis Fuller PROCEEDINGS OF THE FIRST INTERNATIONAL UFO CONGRESS 1980 John G. Fuller ALIENS IN THE SKIES ?1970 John G. Fuller * THE INTERUPTED JOURNEY 1966 John G. Fuller * INCIDENT AT EXETER 1966 Judith Gansberg DIRECT ENCOUNTERS 1980 Richard Garvin # THE CRYSTAL SKULL 1973 Gavin Gibbons THEY RODE IN SPACESHIPS 1957 Daniel Gillmor SCIENTIFIC STUDY OF UFO'S 1969 Kurt Glemser FLYING SAUCERS FROM THE FOURTH 1974 DIMENSION Kurt Glemser FLYING SAUCERS AND THE INNER 1974 EARTH Kurt Glemser THE MEN IN BLACK REPORT 1973 Kurt Glemser UFO'S: MENACE FROM THE SKIES 1972 Kurt Glemser THEY WALK AMONG US 1970 Timothy Good GEORGE ADAMSKI THE UNTOLD STORY ?1988 Gabriel Green LETS FACE THE FACTS ABOUT FLYING SAUCERS 1967 Irving Greenfield THE UFO REPORT 1967 Barry Greenwood CLEAR INTENT ?1988 Richard F. Haines OBSERVING UFO'S: AN INVESTIGATIVE HANDBOOK 1980 David Haisell * THE MISSING SEVEN HOURS 1978 David Haisell THE MISSING SEVEN HOURS REVEALED 1978 ! Richard H. Hall * UNINVITED GUESTS 1988 Richard H. Hall THE UFO EVIDENCE 1964 Richard H. Hall CHALLANGE OF UFO'S ?1966 W. A. Harbinson * THE LIGHT OF EDEN 1987 W. A. Harbinson * OTHERWORLD 1984 W. A. Harbinson REVELATION ???? ! W. A. Harbinson * GENESIS 1980 Clive Harold THE UNINVITED: A TRUE STORY 1979 Gerald Heard IS ANOTHER WORLD WATCHING 1953 Allan Hendry THE UFO HANDBOOK 1979 James Holledge FLYING SAUCERS OVER AUSTRALIA 1965 Bud Hopkins * MISSING TIME: A DOCUMENTED STUDY OF UFO ABDUCTIONS 1981 Bud Hopkins * INTRUDERS: THE INCREDIBLE VISITATIONS AT COPLEY WOODS 1987 Bud Hopkins INTRUDERS AMONG US ?1987 ! Allan J. Hynek * THE HYNEK UFO REPORT 1977 Allan J. Hynek THE EDGE OF REALITY 1975 Allan J. Hynek * THE UFO EXPERIENCE A SCIENTIFIC INQUIRY 1972 Phil Imbrogno # NIGHT SIEGE THE HUDSON VALLEY UFO 1987 D. Jacobs THE UFO CONTROVERCY IN AMERICA 1975 Trevor James THEY LIVE IN THE SKY ?1967 M. K. Jessup THE EXPANDING CASE FOR UFO'S 1957 M. K. Jessup # THE CASE FOR THE UFO'S 1955 ! M. K. Jessup THE CASE FOR THE UFO'S 1956 (ANOTATED "VARO" EDITION) M. K. Jessup THE UFO ANNUAL 1956 M. K. Jessup UFO AND THE BIBLE 1956 Carl Jung FLYING SAUCERS: A MODERN MYTH OF THINGS SEEN IN THE SKY 1959 John A. Keel THE MAN WHO INVENTED FLYING SAUCERS 1983 John A. Keel THE EIGHTH TOWER 1975 John A. Keel THE MOTHMAN PROPHECIES 1975 John A. Keel * OUR HAUNTED PLANET 1971 John A. Keel UFO'S OPERATION TROJAN HORSE 1970 C. F. Keil COMMENTARY ON THE OLD TESTAMENT 1966 Major Donald E. Keyhoe * ALIENS FROM SPACE... THE REAL STORY OF UFO'S 1973 Major Donald E. Keyhoe FLYING SAUCERS TOP SECRET 1960 Major Donald E. Keyhoe FLYING SAUCER CONSPIRACY 1955 Major Donald E. Keyhoe FLYING SAUCERS FROM OUTER SPACE 1953 Major Donald E. Keyhoe FLYING SAUCERS ARE REAL 1950 K. A. Kichen ANCIENT ORIENT AND OLD TESTAMENT 1966 Gary Kinder * LIGHT YEARS 1987 Phillip Klass UFO'S THE PUBLIC DECIEVED 1983 Phillip Klass UFO'S EXPLAINED 1974 Phillip Klass UFO'S IDENTIFIED 1968 Peter Kolosimo NOT OF THIS WORLD 1971 Dino Kraspedon MY CONTACT WITH FLYING SAUCERS 1959 Alan Landsburg * THE OUTER SPACE CONNECTION 1975 George Leonard SOMEONE ELSE IS ON THE MOON ?1988 Brinsley LePoer Trench SECRET OF THE AGES - UFO's 1975 FROM INSIDE THE EARTH Brinsley LePoer Trench OPERATION EARTH 1974 Brinsley LePoer Trench THE ETERNAL SUBJECT 1973 (THE UFO STORY) Brinsley LePoer Trench FLYING SAUCERS HAVE ARRIVED 1970 Brinsley LePoer Trench THE FLYING SAUCER STORY 1970 Brinsley LePoer Trench TEMPLE OF THE STARS 1962 (MEN AMONG MANKIND) Brinsley LePoer Trench THE SKY PEOPLE 1960 Gordon Lindsay THE RIDDLE OF THE FLYING SAUCERS 1972 Gordon Lindsay THE ANTICHRISTS HAVE COME 1958 Howard Liss UNIDENTIFIED FLYING OBJECTS 1968 Robert Loftin IDENTIFIED FLYING OBJECTS 1968 Gordon Lore Jr. STRANGE EFFECTS FROM UFO'S 1969 Gordon Lore Jr. MYSTERIES OF THE SKIES: UFO'S IN PERSPECTIVE 1968 Robert W. Loosley AN ACCOUNT OF A MEETING WITH DENIZENS OF ANOTHER WORLD 1971 Coral Lorenzen ABDUCTED! 1977 Coral Lorenzen ENCOUNTERS WITH UFO OCCUPANTS 1976 Coral Lorenzen UFO'S THE WHOLE STORY 1969 Coral Lorenzen * UFO'S OVER THE AMERICAS 1968 Coral Lorenzen FLYING SAUCER OCCUPANTS 1967 Coral Lorenzen * THE FLYING SAUCER HOAX 1966 Coral Lorenzen (FLYING SAUCERS: THE STARTLING EVIDENCE OF THE INVITATION FROM OUTER SPACE) 1966 Duncan Lunan * MYSTERIOUS SIGNALS FROM OUTER SPACE 1974 Larry Maddock THE FLYING SAUCER GAMBIT 1966 Kenneth c. McCulloch MANKIND CITIZEN OF THE GALAXY ?1988 John Magor OUR UFO VISITORS 1977 Howard Menger FROM OUTER SPACE TO YOU 1959 John Manas FLYING SAUCERS ANS SPACEMEN 1962 Dr. Donald Menzel THE UFO ENIGMA 1977 Dr. Donald Menzel UFO FACT OR FICTION 1967 Dr. Donald Menzel THE WORLD OF FLYING SAUCERS 1963 Dr. Donald Menzel FLYING SAUCERS 1953 Aime Michel FLYING SAUCERS AND THE STRAIGHT LINE MYSTERY 1958 Aime Michel THE TRUTH ABOUT FLYING SAUCERS 1956 John Michell * THE FLYING SAUCER VISION 1967 Helen Mitchell WE MET THE SPACE PEOPLE ?1970 William L. Moore THE SPITZBERGEN SAUCER CRASH ?1988 William L. Moore CRASHED UFO'S: EVIDENCE IN THE SEARCH FOR PROOF ?1988 William L. Moore UFO'S THE MOST HIGHLY CLASSIFIED SUBJECT 1986 ! William L. Moore * THE ROSWELL INCIDENT 1980 ! William L. Moore * THE PHILADELPHIA EXPERIMENT 1979 Jim Moseley THE WRIGHT FIELD STORY 1971 Jim Moseley JIM MOSELEY'S BOOK OF SAUCER NEWS 1967 Israel Norkin SAUCER DIARY 1957 Erich Norman GODS AND DEVILS FROM OUTER SPACE 1973 Erich Norman * GODS, DEMONS AND SPACE CHARIOTS 1970 James E. Oberg UFO'S AND OUTER SPACE MYSTERIES: Thomas Olsen THE REFERENCE FOR OUTSTANDING UFO SIGHTING REPORTS ?1968 Ray Palmer THE REAL UFO INVASION 1968 Michael Parry CHARIOTS OF FIRE 1974 A SYMPATHETIC SKEPTICS REPORT 1982 T. B. Pawlicki HOW TO BUILD A FLYING SAUCER AND OTHER PROPOSALS IN SPECULATIVE ENGINEERING 1981 Ted Peters UFO'S GOD'S CHARIOTS 1977 Ted Phillips PHYSICAL TRACES ASSOCIATED WITH 1975 UFO SIGHTINGS Randolfo Raphael Pozos # THE FACE ON MARS ?1980 UFO Congress PROCEEDINGS OF THE FIRST INTER NATIONAL UFO CONGRESS 1980 Jenny Randles SKY CRASH: A COSMIC CONSPIRACY 1984 Jenny Randles SCIENCE AND THE UFO'S 1985 Jenny Randles UFO REALITY: A CRITICAL LOOK AT THE PHYSICAL EVIDENCE 1983 Richard M. Rasmussen THE UFO LITERATURE: A COMPREHEN SIVE BIBLIOGRAPHY OF WORKS IN ENGLISH 1985 J. Rimmer THE EVIDENCE FOR ALIEN ABDUCTIONS 1984 Edward J. Ruppelt THE REPORT ON UNIDENTIFIED FLYING OBJECTS 1956 Harley D. Rutledge PROJECT IDENTIFICATION: THE FIRST SCIENTIFIC FIELD STUDY OF THE UFO PHENOMENA 1981 Margaret Sachs THE UFO ENCYCLOPEDIA 1980 Margaret Sachs CELESTRIAL PASSENGERS: UFO'S AND SPACE TRAVEL 1977 Carl Sagan OTHER WORLDS 1975 Carl Sagan THE COSMIC CONNECTION 1973 Carl Sagan UFO'S A SCIENTIFIC DEBATE 1972 Carl Sagan INTELLIGENT LIFE IN THE UNIVERSE 1967 Thierry J. Sagnier * THE UFO REPORT 1983 Frank Salisbury THE UTAH UFO DISPLAY 1974 Ivan Sanderson UNINVITED VISITORS 1967 Ivan Sanderson INVISIBLE RESIDENTS 1970 David Saunders UFO's? YES!: WHERE THE CONDON REPORT WENT WRONG 1968 Frank Scully # BEHIND THE FLYING SAUCERS 1950 Jean Sendy * THE COMING OF THE GODS 1970 Jean Sendy * THE GODS WHO MADE HEAVEN & EARTH 1969 Jean Sendy THE MOON: OUTPOST OF THE GODS 1968 Robert Sheaffer THE UFO VERDICT: EXAMINING THE EVIDENCE 1980 Arthur Shuttlewood UFO'S KEY TO THE NEW AGE 1971 Arthur Shuttlewood WARNING FROM FLYING FRIENDS 1968 Arthur Shuttlewood * THE WARMINSTER MYSTERY 1967 MS Smith THE UFO ENIGMA 1976 Warren Smith # SECRET OF THE HOLLOW EARTH 1976 Warren Smith # SECRET FORCES OF THE PYRAMIDS 1975 Garder Soule UFO'S AND IFO'S 1967 John Spenser * PHENOMENON FORTY YEARS OF FLYING SUACERS 1988 John Spencer # NO EARTHLY EXPLANATION 1974 John Spencer LIMBO OF THE LOST 1969 Gerome Stanton FLYING SAUCERS HOAX OR REALITY 1966 Roger Stanway FLYING SAUCER REPORT - UFO'S UNIDENTIFIED AND UNDENIABLE 1968 Fred Steckling UFO'S WHY ARE THEY HERE? 1969 Brad Steiger # THE FELLOWSHIP 1988 Brad Steiger * THE UFO ABDUCTORS 1988 Brad Steiger THE STAR PEOPLE ?1988 Brad Steiger REVELATION: THE DIVINE FIRE ?1988 Brad Steiger WORLDS BEFORE OUR OWN ?1988 Brad Steiger * ALIEN MEETINGS 1978 Brad Steiger GODS OF AQUARIOUS 1976 Brad Steiger PROJECT BLUEBOOK 1976 Brad Steiger THE NEW UFO BREAKTHROUGH ?1976 Brad Steiger # MYSTERIES OF TIME AND SPACE 1974 Brad Steiger FLYING SAUCER INVASION - TARGET 1969 EARTH Brad Steiger ALLENDE LETTERS 1968 Brad Steiger NEW UFO BREAKTHROUGH 1968 Brad Steiger FLYING SAUCERS ARE HOSTILE 1967 Brad Steiger THE FLYING SAUCER MENACE 1967 Brad Steiger STRANGERS FROM THE SKIES 1966 William Steinman UFO CRASH AT AZTEC ?1988 Robert Sheaffer THE UFO VERDICT: EXAMINING THE EVIDENCE 1980 Jack Stonely * IS ANYONE OUT THERE 1974 Ronald Story UFO'S AND THE LIMITS OF SCIENCE 1981 Ronald Story # THE ENCYCLOPEDIA OF UFO'S 1980 Ronald Story GUARDIANS OF THE UNIVERSE 1980 Ronald Story THE SPACE GODS REVEALED A CLOSE 1976 LOOK AT THE THEORIES OF ERICH VON DANIKEN Frank Stranges THE STRANGER AT THE PENTAGON 1972 Frank Stranges MY FRIEND FROM BEYOND EARTH 1960 Frank Stranges FLYING SAUCERAMA 1959 Whitley Strieber # TRANSFORMATION 1988 Whitley Strieber * COMMUNION 1987 Leonard Stringfield * SITUATION RED: UFO SIEGE 1977 Leonard Stringfield INSIDE SAUCER POST 3-0 BLUE 1957 Richard Tambling FLYING SAUCERS WHERE DO THEY COME FROM 1967 Paul Thomas FYING SAUCERS THROUGH THE AGES 1965 Andrew Tomas * WE ARE NOT THE FIRST 1971 James Trevor THEY LIVE IN THE SKY 1958 Jacques Vallee CHALLENGE TO SCIENCE: THE UFO ENIGMA 1966 Jacques Vallee MESSENGERS OF DECEPTION: UFO CONTACTS AND CULTS 1979 Jacques Vallee DIMENSIONS: A CASEBOOK OF ALIEN CONTACT ???? Jacques Vallee THE INVISIBLE COLLEGE ?1978 Jacques Vallee * ANATOMY OF A PHENOMENON 1965 Jacques Vallee UFO'S IN SPACE 1965 Jacques Vallee * THE UFO ENIGMA: CHALLENGE 1966 TO SCIENCE Jacques Vallee PASSPORT TO MAGONIA 1969 ! Renato Vesco * INTRCEPT / UFO 1968 (INTERCEPT BUT DONT SHOOT) Travis Walton THE WALTON EXPERIENCE 1978 David Webb YEAR OF THE HUMANOIDS 1974 David Wheeler THE LUBBOCK LIGHTS 1977 Dale White IS SOMETHING UP THERE? 1969 P. J. Wilcox THE UFO QUESTION 1976 Harold T. Wilkins FLYING SAUCERS UNCENSORED 1956 Harold T. Wilkins * FLYING SAUCERS ON THE ATTACK 1954 Harold T. Wilkins STRANGE MYSTERIES OF TIME & SPACE ?1954 George Hunt Williamson OTHER TONGUES, OTHER FLESH ?1988 George Hunt Williamson THE SAUCERS SPEAK ?1966 Dr. Clifford Wilson * CRASH GO THE CHARIOTS 1972 Dr. Clifford Wilson * THE ALIEN AGENDA 1974 Dr. Clifford Wilson UFO'S & THEIR MISSION IMPOSSIBLE 1974 Dr. Clifford Wilson IN THE BEGINNING GOD 1970 Don Wilson OUR MYSTERIOUS SPACESHIP MOON 1975 T. M. Wright THE INTELLIGENT MAN'S GUIDE TO FLYING SAUCERS 1968 Bob Young FLYING SAUCERS ARE - BOOK TWO 1959 Mort Young UFO: TOP SECRET 1967 EOF -- -* Don Allen *- InterNet: dona@bilver.UUCP // Amiga..for the rest of us. USnail: 1818G Landing Dr, Sanford Fl 32771 \X/ Why use anything else? :^) UUCP: ..uunet!tarpit!bilver!vicstoy!dona 0110 0110 0110 Just say NO! Illuminati < MJ-12|Grudge|TLC|CFR|FED|EEC|Bush > WAR = "New World Order" Article 3955 of alt.conspiracy: Path: lassie!voder!pyramid!decwrl!sdd.hp.com!zaphod.mps.ohio-state.edu!van-bc!cynic!arkham!jaguar From: firstname.lastname@example.org (Jeremy Reimer) Newsgroups: alt.conspiracy Subject: UFO articles, and their relevance Message-ID: <yke9Z3w164w@arkham.wimsey.bc.ca> Date: 11 Apr 91 08:54:09 GMT Organization: Chez Cthulhu +1 604 983 3546 "Caterers to the Elder Gods" Lines: 85 This is in response to the various UFO articles posted earlier on this group, and is not a flame to the author(s) or the person who posted them. I'd just like to point out: isn't it more than a little strange that virtally ALL of these reports have featured: a) Flying spacecraft CONSISTANTLY saucer shaped despite the obvious limitations of such a design, with "human" characteristics such as "windows", etc. b) Aliens that are nearly always short, thin, with green/grayish skin and big heads, who appear (remarkably) to share exactly the same human physiology and genetic structure save for melanin content, head size and growth rates. c) Testimonials from people living almost exclusively in rural or nearly uninhabited areas ...and the list goes on. One of the articles attempts to steer away from this problem by suggesting that these sightings have been going on for some 50,000 years. I doubt very much if testimonials from the Middle Ages and farther back in history can be taken seriously. People living at this time were uneducated and believed very much in the supernatural, which consumed most of their time for telling tales of "unexplained events" Flying saucers did not figure too highly in those times. Suddenly, in the twentieth century, not a single year after the word "flying saucer" is coined, the rate of UFO reports skyrockets from almost nil to an all-consuming passion. It seems that people have an inexplicable desire to belive in something higher than their own existance, and the UFO craze fills that niche. Indeed, in a poll taken a few years ago in Britain, it was found that more people believed in "flying saucers" than believed in God. Tales of abduction must be taken with a grain of salt. Anyone who has watched even a smattering of science fiction on television knows of the standard routine where aliens abduct an unsuspecting human, perform some unknown tests on him/her, than wipe his memory and return him to earth. Yet consistantly reports of abduction feature exactly this tale. It seems to me to project a profound lack imagination on behalf of humanity that such reports happen again and again. Why is it, that from the thousands of reported abductions, not one has reported a detailed description of a spacecraft's interior (something of greater complexity than a typical Star Trek set)? Or retrieved some fragment from a crashed spacecraft, something that could be easily identified as being of alien origin? Or described an extraterrestrial that is not human in form (large heads and big black eyes don't count.) The human form is an accident which occurred after over a billion years of evolution. The chances of such "convergent evolution" happening elsewhere are almost non-existant. Why is it so hard, if as some people would state that UFOs visit the planet daily, to produce ONE SINGLE PIECE of concrete evidence? Even aliens can make mistakes. The "crashed spacecraft" story featured in one of the articles is particularly intriguing. Why was there no attempt made to recover something from the wreckage? Or take a photograph? Again, all we are left with is one person's testimony. As always, alternative explainations abound. Most UFO's are natural phenomena, and are uninteresting (clouds, artificial lights, etc.) The interesting phenomena, paradoxically, is never well documented or witnessed by large groups of people. The human mind being the fragile thing it is, it is much easier to assume that one person hallucinated (people do it daily, many times illegally) than to construct an elaborate hypothesis of alien visitation. A side note: the document from the USAF is obviously false. The Air Force did a comprehensive study in the 50's called Project Blue Book designed to look into every report by pilots of UFO encounters to try and see if there was a basis for such events. The project was abandoned after the reports were labelled "too inconclusive", and there has been little follow-up since. I'd be interested to see other people's views on this (no flames on spelling, writing style, or anything of that nature, please. I haven't taken English since 1st year, where I did end up with an A, thank-you)... Does anyone on the net have a personal tale of such an experience? (abduction or otherwise) I'd be Have any of you seen the book "Behold a Pale Horse" by William Cooper I was told it had some UFO connection details, but showed more of the human activity side of things behind closed doors, as possibly relate to seemingly malevolent behavior by both human and alien parties in jointly operated facilities. I would be concerned that any such situation could backfire against the humans.